Infrastructural Development using Stabilized Soil Blocks as a Tool for Climate Change Mitigation and Sustainable Development in Malawi
Keywords:Stabilized soil blocks, burnt bricks, climate change mitigation, sustainable development
Malawi has embarked on an economic growth strategy in order to meet the Millennium Development Goals by year 2015.In its strategic plans; infrastructure development has been marked as one important factor for achievement of the stated goals (MGDS II). However, Malawiâ€™s continued use of burnt bricks (BBs) as the mains material for the development of infrastructure for schools, health and other amenities, which enhances unsustainable consumption of natural resources, has been a cause for concern for the Ministry of Environment and Climate Change
This paper therefore, examines the possibility of Stabilized Soil Blocks (SSBs) as alternative building materials towards mitigating climate change impacts The study was conducted in seven nursing colleges under Christian Association of Malawi (CHAM) where construction was done using SSBs. Data for the study was collected through questionnaire, interviews, calculations, measurements, reference and inferences during desk reviews and interaction with various stakeholders.
The findings of the study show that SSBs have a higher advantage over burnt bricks as regards environmental management. Stabilized soil blocks do not use any firewood in the production process and therefore has 100% potential of avoiding deforestation andÂ Â CO2 emissions into the atmosphere. This leads to protection of the Ozone layer for better earth life support systems and promotes regeneration of the natural environments. The findings also show that SSBs have a double economical efficiency over the burnt bricks for their regular sizes and shapes unlike burnt bricks that come in different sizes, shapes and quality that result in uncontrolled breakages. SSBs also contribute to social aspects regarding safety, improved accessibility, and aesthetics of the environment. Subsequently, the paper recommends that Ministry of Environment and Climate Change should consider adopting SSBs as an alternative material for future infrastructure development in Malawi to reduce negative environmental impact through carbon emission and Â attain sustainable development
â€¢ Akadiri P.C, Ezekiel, O.P (2012), Design of a sustainable building: conceptual framework for implementing sustainability in the building sector, England.
â€¢ Andres L (2002) Promoting environmental sustainability in development, World Bank publications, Washington D.C
â€¢ Anthony Geoffrey Kerali, (2001), Durability of compressed and cement-stabilized Building Blocks,
â€¢ Berkely (1991) Sustainable Development: A Critical Review, Energy & Resources Group, Pergamon Press Plc: Univ.ofplc: Univ.of California,
â€¢ Bradbrook Adrian., ed.(2004) The law of energy for sustainable development, United Kingdom Cambridge university Press..
â€¢ Bruno Gagnon, eta al (2008), Sustainable development in engineering: A review of principles and definitions of conceptual framework,
â€¢ Centre for Environmental Policy and Advocacy, (2011) Climate policy and legal framework in Malawi. Edward Elgar publications ltd, glensanda house, UK.
â€¢ Felix M.Edoho(1996) Towards a sustainable development in the twenty first century-re-engineering development in sub-Saharan africa,Praeger publishers, Westport, USA.
â€¢ Felix Rauschmayer,Ines Oman and Johannes Fruhmann(2010) Sustainable development, capabilities, needs and well being, British library, UK
â€¢ Giles Atkinson, Simon Dietz, Eric Neumayer (2007) Handbook of Sustainable Development,
â€¢ Kamseu Elie (2011), Laterite based stabilsed products for sustainable building applications in tropical countries, Cameroon
â€¢ Montgomery D.E & Thomas D. T.(2010). Stabilsed soil research progress report SSRPR8,
â€¢ Nathan Hippu Salk Kristle, Reddy B.Sudhakara (2008) A conceptual framework for development of sustainable development indicators, India, Mumbai
â€¢ Nielssen Skjerve Camilla(2009) Evaluating the sustainability value Map: case study of Sagene Urban District, Oslo, Norway, thesis submitted to lund university centre for sustainability studies, Sweden.
â€¢ OkechukwunUkaga, Ostia George Afoaku (2005) Sustainable Development in Africa: A multifaceted challenge, Africa World Press, inc. Eretria.
â€¢ Polera Mike (2003), Malawiâ€™s Golden Brick-presentation for DFID..
â€¢ Valentine Udoh James (1999), Sustainable Development in Africa: A prospect for the 21st Century, international scholarâ€™s publications, USA.
â€¢ World Bank (2001) Making Sustainable Commitments: An environmental strategy for the World Bank, World Bank publications, Washington DC.
How to Cite
- Papers must be submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by any other publisher.
- It is also the authors responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular source are submitted with the necessary approval.
- The authors warrant that the paper is original and that he/she is the author of the paper, except for material that is clearly identified as to its original source, with permission notices from the copyright owners where required.
- The authors ensure that all the references carefully and they are accurate in the text as well as in the list of references (and vice versa).
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.