First Two Records of Hemiscorpius species (Scorpiones: Hemiscorpiidae) from Kerman Province, Southeast of Iran


  • M. Salari Department of Biology, Faculty of Scinces,Lorestan university, Khoramabad
  • M. Sampour


scorpions, Hemiscorpius enischnochela, Hemiscorpius acanthocerus, Manoojan, Kerman


Investigations indicated that the scorpions are disturbed on all of Iran. Few researches have been performed to identify and study morphology of the scorpions of Iran. In recent investigations several species of scorpions from Iran have been identified. The scorpions usually live under the stones. to get the scorpions , heavy materials including stones ,clod and others, were moved  by crow bar and woods. The specimens were captured with a tong. To study the morphological characters and identify the scorpions, Olympus Lica 2000 stereo microscope and key identify to scorpions, were used. In the present research two species of scorpions belonged to genus Hemiscorpius, belonged to Hemiscorpiidae family, are reported for the first time from Kerman Province (Iran). These two species are called Hemiscorpius enischnochela and H. acanthocerus. In addition to the two species mentioned above, we obtained another species, called Hemiscorpius leptorus from Hemiscorpiidae family. This species has been reported from Kerman Province, and other provinces previously. The first two records species and species of H. leptorus have been collected from Manoojan area situated in the south west of Kerman province. In taxonomy, the scorpions are order belonged to class arachnida, phylum arthropoda, super phylum invertebrate subkingdom of metazoan and kingdom of animal. Manoojan and the other area which have been studied in the present research, are situated in the southwest of Kerman Province, which positioned in southeast of Iran. The weather south of Kerman Province is warm and relatively humid. Several other species of scorpions found in the south of Kerman Province. Three mentioned species live in mountain area, hill and rocks. H. enischcnochela, is bigger than two other mentioned species in size and weight. Its pedipalp patella process, possesses recognizable spiny-form granules. In all three species the males are bigger than females.


• Akbari, A., 2007. The Study of scorpions fauna of Iran. Report of RaziVaccine & Serum Research Institute, 2007: 96 in Farsi.

• Farzanpay,R.,1988. Acatalogue of the scorpions occurring in Iran.Up to January 1986. Revue. Arachnologique, 82: 33-44.

• Farzanpay, R., 1987 1366 inFarsi. [Knowing Scorpions]. Teheran: Central University. Publications,312,Biology.4, 231 pp. in Farsi, with Latin index.

• Fet, V., 2000. Subfamily HemiscorpiinaePocock, 1893 pp. 428-431. In: Fet, V., SISSOM, D. W.,LOWE, G., And BRAUNWALDER, M. E., Catalogue of the scorpions of the world 1758- 1998. The New York Entomological Society, New York.

• Jalalifar,Z., kalantari, M., Naderi, M., Pordehgan, D., Dahesh, K., Latifkar, M,. Naderi, A., Roholamini, F., 2013. Ostanshenasi Kerman, ChapVaNashreKetabhayedarsei Iran.Text. Bookï€ ï€¨inFarsi).

• Karatas, A.,.MouradiGarkheloo, M.,2013.A new HemiscorpiusPeters, 1861 (Scorpiones: Hemiscorpiidae) from southwestern Iran. Turk J Zool 37: 15-23.

• Karatas, A.,.MouradiGarkheloo,M andUcak,M., 2012. Contribution to the Distribution of the Scorpions of Iran. Zoology in the Middle East, 55: 111–120.

• Kovarik, F., 1997.Results of the Czech Biological Expedition to Iran.Part 2.Arachnida:Scorpions withdescriptions of Iranobuthuskraligen.n. et sp. n. and Hottentotta zagrosensis sp. n. Buthidae. ActaSocietatisZoologicaeBohemicae, 61: 39–52.

• Mirshamsi, O., Sari, A. and Hosseinie,S. 2011 b. History of study and checklist of the scorpion . faunaarachnida:Scorpionesï€©ï€ of Iran. 1:9-10.

• Mirshamsi, O., Sari, A., Elahi,E., and Hosseinie, S., 2011a. Mesobuthuseupeus Scorpionidae:Buthidae from Iran:a polytypic species complex. Zootaxa, 2929: 1-21.

• Monod, L.,and W. R., Lourenco, 2005. HemiscorpiidaeScorpiones from Iran, with descriptions of two new species and notes on biogeography andphylogenetic relationships .RevqueSuisse De Zoologie,1124: 869–941.

• Navidpour, S., M.,Ezatkhah, F.,Kovarik, M. E.,Soleglad andV.,Fet. 2011. Scorpions of IranArachnida, Scorpiones. Part VII. Kerman Province.Euscorpius, 131: 1–32.

• Navidpour, S., Kovarik. F, Solegland. M. E.,and V., Fet,2013. Scorpions of Iran Arachnida, Scorpiones. Part IX. HormozganProvince, with a Description of Odontobuthus tavighiae sp. n.Buthidae, Euscorpius, 170 1-32.

• Prendini, L., 2000. Phylogeny and Classification of the Superfamily Scorpionoidea Latreille,1802Chelicerata, Scorpiones: An exemplar approach. Cladistics 16: 1-78.

• Pirali-Kheirabadi, K., S. ,Navidpour, V.,Fet, F. Kovarik& M. E. Solegland. 2009. Scorpions of Iranï€ ï€¨Arachnida, Scorpiones. Part V. ChaharMahal and Bakhtiyari Province.Euscorpius, 78: 1–23.

• Sampour, M., Aslanfaal,S.,A. R.,Shayestehfar, Bolandian,A., and Mohamadzadeh,S., 2011. Morphological Studies on two Genus of Scorpions. J.Exp.Zool.India. Vol.14, No.1:349-352.

• Sampour, M., 2012. Morphological Studies of Sensitive Seta of scorpions and Distribution of ScorpionsArachnida: Scorpiones in Luristan, Iran. J.Exp.Zool.India, Vol.15, No.2, 413- 419.

• Sampour, M., 2014. Distribution of Scorpions Arachnida ;Scorpiones of Alvar, North part of Andimeshkhn the North Of Khuzestan Province, Southwest Iran. Journal of Applied Science and Agriculture,Vol. 9(6), 2406-2411.




How to Cite

Salari, M., & Sampour, M. (2017). First Two Records of Hemiscorpius species (Scorpiones: Hemiscorpiidae) from Kerman Province, Southeast of Iran. Asian Journal of Applied Sciences, 5(1). Retrieved from