The Effect of Fathers’ Participation in the Care of Hospitalized Child in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit on Fathers’ Stress and Coping Strategies


  • Karahroudi F. Alaee shahid beheshti medical university
  • S. Ghaderi
  • P. Yousefi-chaijan
  • Oskooi N. Nasiri


Coping Strategies, Fathers’ Participation in Care, Hospitalized Child, Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU), Stress


Introduction: Hospitalization of a child in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) is a stressful experience for parents. High stress in father can result in decline in psychological adaptation and associated problems. The present study aimed to determine the effect of fathers’ participation in the care of hospitalized child in the PICU on fathers’ stress and coping strategies.

Materials and methods: This is a clinical trial with 60 fathers with children admitted to the PICU in intervention and control groups. Fathers in intervention group participated in the care of the child in 5 times, during a 5-days course. Fathers’ stress and coping strategies were surveyed in intervention group before and after participation course and in control group before and after a 5-days course.

Result: Fathers’ stress in intervention group decreased significantly after participation (p<0/001) but in control group difference was not significant after time course. Fathers in both groups applied similar coping strategies that majority were emotion-focused.

Conclusion: Fathers with children in the PICU would experience a lot of stress. Their participation in the care of the children would be very effective to decline their stress and reach most adaptation with disease, cure and cares in children.

Author Biography

Karahroudi F. Alaee, shahid beheshti medical university

nursing and midwifery faculty, pediatric department


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How to Cite

Alaee, K. F., Ghaderi, S., Yousefi-chaijan, P., & Nasiri, O. N. (2014). The Effect of Fathers’ Participation in the Care of Hospitalized Child in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit on Fathers’ Stress and Coping Strategies. Asian Journal of Pharmacy, Nursing and Medical Sciences, 2(3). Retrieved from