The Effect of Fathersâ€™ Participation in the Care of Hospitalized Child in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit on Fathersâ€™ Stress and Coping Strategies
Keywords:Coping Strategies, Fathersâ€™ Participation in Care, Hospitalized Child, Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU), Stress
Introduction: Hospitalization of a child in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) is a stressful experience for parents. High stress in father can result in decline in psychological adaptation and associated problems. The present study aimed to determine the effect of fathersâ€™ participation in the care of hospitalized child in the PICU on fathersâ€™ stress and coping strategies.
Materials and methods: This is a clinical trial with 60 fathers with children admitted to the PICU in intervention and control groups. Fathers in intervention group participated in the care of the child in 5 times, during a 5-days course. Fathersâ€™ stress and coping strategies were surveyed in intervention group before and after participation course and in control group before and after a 5-days course.
Result: Fathersâ€™ stress in intervention group decreased significantly after participation (p<0/001) but in control group difference was not significant after time course. Fathers in both groups applied similar coping strategies that majority were emotion-focused.
Conclusion: Fathers with children in the PICU would experience a lot of stress. Their participation in the care of the children would be very effective to decline their stress and reach most adaptation with disease, cure and cares in children.
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