District Creation and Primary Education Service Delivery in Uganda
Keywords:decentralization, district creation, service delivery, marginalized areas
This article aimed at analyzing the effect of district creation on public service delivery at primary education level in Uganda. There has been little orÂ no focus on the creation of new sub-national administrative units on service delivery. To investigate the assertion that new created districts were previously marginalized areas, comparisons were made between the parent and new districts in terms of performance in primary leaving examinations a year after the split of a district. To analyze whether thereÂ Â is an improvement in delivery of public services after a new district was created, we examined the trend in performance in primary leaving examinations by comparing new and parent districts performance. Our resultsÂ show that four outÂ ofÂ the sixÂ newly created districts in 1997Â performed significantly worse than the parent districts and the gap in terms of performance between the new created and parent districts narrowed in all districts overtime. Another surprising finding is thatÂ Â five out of six or 83% of the poor performing districts immediately after the split, were performing better than districts that were performing better immediately after the split, after a period of only nine years. District creationÂ may be bringing public services closer to citizens. This new evidence may provide a strong case for district creation since it is seen to improve service delivery in previously marginalized areas.
â€¢ Akinyele, R. T. 1996. 'States Creation in Nigeria: The Willink Report in Retrospect', African Studies Review 39:2, pp. 71-94.
â€¢ Alfred,R., C. Shults and J. Seybert ,2007. Core Indicators of Effectiveness of Community Colleges, 3rd Edition,American Association of Community Colleges, Washington.
â€¢ Alesina, A., A. Devleeshauwer, et al. 2003. 'Fractionalization', Journal of Economic Growth
â€¢ 8:2, pp. 155-194.
â€¢ Apter, D. E. 1959. "Local Government in Uganda." Journal of African Administration 11(1): 27-37. Buwembo, J. 2005. 'What's the Fuss about New Districts?' The Monitor. Kampala.
â€¢ Cave, M., S.Hanney, M.Henkel M. and M.Kogan,1996. The Use of Performance Indicators in Higher Education.J KP Publications, London.
â€¢ Crook, R. C. 2003. 'Decentralization and Poverty Reduction in Africa: The Politics of Local - Central Relations', Public Administration and Development 23:1, pp. 77-88.
â€¢ Dauda, C. L. 2006. "Democracy and Decentralization: Local Politics, Marginalization and Political Accountability in Uganda and South Africa." Public Administration and Development 26(4):291-302.
â€¢ Devas, N. and U. Grant. 2003. "Local Government Decision-Making - Citizen Participation and Local Accountability: Some Evidence from Kenya and Uganda." Public Administration and Development 23(4): 307-316.
â€¢ Dochy, F. J. R. C, Segers, M. S. R. and Wijnen, W. H. F. W., 1990, â€˜Preliminaries to the implementation of a quality assurance system based on management information and performance indicatorsâ€™ in Dochy, F. J. R. C, Segers, M. S. R. and Wijnen, W. H. F. W. (Eds.), Management Information and Performance Indicators in Higher Education: an International Issue, Van Corcum, Assesn/Maastricht, pp. 69â€“94.
â€¢ Francis, P. and R. James. 2003. 'Balancing Rural Poverty Reduction and Citizen Participation: The Contradictions of Uganda's Decentralization Program', World Development 31:2, pp.325-337.
â€¢ Goetz, A. M. 2002. 'No Shortcuts to Power: Constraints on Women's Political Effectiveness in Uganda', Journal of Modern African Studies 40:4, pp. 549-575.
â€¢ Golola, M. L. 2001. 'Decentralization, Local Bureaucracies and Service Delivery in Uganda', Discussion Paper No. 2001/115. Helsinki: UNU-WIDER.
â€¢ Green, Elliott. 2006. â€˜Decentralization, District Creation and Conflict in Uganda.â€™ Paper presented at Workshop on Decentralization, Federalism and Conflict, Department of International Development, University of Oxford, October.
â€¢ Hickey, S. 2003. 'The Politics of Staying Poor in Uganda'. International Conference on Staying Poor: Chronic Poverty and Development Policy, IDPM, University of Manchester.
â€¢ Jorgensen, J. J. 1981. Uganda: A Modern History. London, Croom Helm. Lowi, T. J. 1964. 'American Business, Public Policy, Case Studies and Political Theory' World Politics 16:4, pp. 677-715.
â€¢ Malesky, E. 2005. 'Gerrymandering - Vietnamese Style: The Political Motivations behind the Creation of New Provinces in Vietnam'. Midwest Political Science Association 63rd Annual Conference. Chicago, IL.
â€¢ Mawdsley, E. 2002. 'Redrawing the Body Politic: Federalism, Regionalism and the Creation of New States in India', Commonwealth and Comparative Politics 40:3, pp. 34-54.
â€¢ Ocwich, D. 2005. 'Can Uganda's Economy Support More Districts?' New Vision. Kampala.
â€¢ Olson, M. 1982. The rise and decline of nations: economic growth, stagflation, and social rigidities. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.
â€¢ Onyach-Olaa .2003. "The Challenges of Implementing Decentralization: Recent Experiences in Uganda." Public Administration and Development 23(1): 105-113.
â€¢ Treisman, D. 2007. The Architecture of Government: Rethinking Political Decentralization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
â€¢ Uganda, G. o.U. 1987. Report of the Commission of Inquiry into the Local Government System. Kampala.
â€¢ Vision, N. 2006. 'FDC, NRM Battle for Teso's Heart'. New Vision. Kampala.
â€¢ Wilson, J. Q. 1961. 'The Economy of Patronage', Journal of Political Economy 69:4, pp. 369-380.
â€¢ Wunsch, J. S. and D. Ottemoeller.2004. Uganda: Multiple Levels of Local Governance. Local Government in Africa: The Challenges of Democratic Decentralization. D. Olowu and J. S.Wunsch. Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner.
How to Cite
- Papers must be submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by any other publisher.
- It is also the authors responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular source are submitted with the necessary approval.
- The authors warrant that the paper is original and that he/she is the author of the paper, except for material that is clearly identified as to its original source, with permission notices from the copyright owners where required.
- The authors ensure that all the references carefully and they are accurate in the text as well as in the list of references (and vice versa).
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.