Temperature Factor Affecting Dengue Fever Incidence in Southern Taiwan


  • Yi-Horng Lai Oriental Institute of Technology


Dengue fever, temperature, interval-valued data, symbolic data analysis


This study explored the climate factors associated with dengue fever incidence in southern Taiwan. The climate factors comprised maximum and minimum temperatures. Symbolic data analysis analysis was used to explore the primary association between the dengue fever incidence and climatic factors. Linear regression technique was used to fit the research model. Dengue fever data of Kaohsiung city in southern Taiwan from January 2005 to August, 2014 were analysis with linear regression analysis for interval-value data in this study. The result indicate that the temperature was associated with the dengue fever incidence in southern Taiwan, and the temperature was postive with the dengue fever cases.


Hales, S., Weinstein, P., Souares, Y., & Woodward, “El Nino and the Dynamics of Vectorborne Disease Transmission. Environmental Health Perspectivesâ€, vol.107, no. 2, pp. 99-102, 1999.

Hales, S., de Wet, N., Maindonaid, J., & Woodward, A. “Potential Effect of Population and Climatic Changes on Global Distribution of Dengue Fever: An Empirical Modelâ€, The Lancet, 360(9336), pp. 830-834, 2002.

Schreiber, K. V. “An Investigation of Relationships between Climate and Dengue Using a Water Budgeting Techniqueâ€, International Journal of Biometeorology, vol.45, no. 2, pp. 81-89, 2001.

Gratz, N. G. “Emerging and Resurging Vector-Borne Diseaseâ€, Annual Review of Entomology, vol. 44, pp. 51-75, 1999.

Gratz, N. G. “Lessons of Aedes Aegypti Control in Taiwanâ€, Medical and Veterinary Entomology, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1-10, 1993.

Yu, H. L., Angulo, J. M., Cheng, M. H., Wu, J., & Christakos, G. “An online spatiotemporal prediction model for dengue fever epidemic in Kaohsiung (Taiwan)â€, Biometrical Journal, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 428-440, 2014.

Hsueh, Y. H., Lee, J., & Beltz, L. “Spatio-temporal patterns of dengue fever cases in Kaoshiung City, Taiwan, 2003-2008â€, Applied Geography, vol. 34, pp. 587-594, 2012.

Patz, J. A., Epstein, P.R., Burke, T. A. & Balbus, J. M. “Global Climate Change and Emerging Infectious Diseasesâ€, JAMA, vol. 275, no. 3, pp. 217-223, 1996.

Central Weather Bureau, “Daily Precipitationâ€, Climate Statistics. Retrieved on September 01, 2014 from http://www.cwb.gov.tw, 2014.

The Ministry of Health and Welfare, “Confirmed Cases of Dengue Feverâ€, Taiwan National Infectious Disease Statistics System. Retrieved on September 01, 2014 from http://nidss.cdc.gov.tw, 2012.

Lima-Neto, E. A., de Carvalho, F. A. T., “Centre And Range Method To Fitting A Linear Regression Model On Symbolic Interval Dataâ€, Computational Statistics and Data Analysis, vol. 52, pp. 1500-1515, 2008.

Lima-Neto, E. A., de Carvalho, F. A. T., “Constrained Linear Regression Models For Symbolic Interval-Valued Variablesâ€, Computational Statistics and Data Analysis, vol. 54, pp. 333-347, 2010.

Promprou, S., Jaroensutasinee, M., & Jaroensutasinee, K. “Climatic Factors Affecting Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever Incidence in Southern Thailandâ€, Dengue Bulletin, vol. 29, pp. 41-48, 2005.

Wu, P. C., Lay, J. G., Guo, H. R., Lind, C. Y., Lung, S. C., & Su, H. J. “Higher Temperature and Urbanization Affect the Spatial Patterns of Dengue Fever Transmission In Subtropical Taiwanâ€, Science of the Total Environment, vol. 407, pp. 2224-2233, 2009.

Koopman, J. S., Prevots, D. R., Vaca Marin, M. A., Gomez Dantes, H., Zarate Aquino, M. L., Longini, I. M. & Sepulveda Amor, J. “Determinants and Predictors of Dengue Infection in Mexicoâ€, American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 133, no. 11, pp. 1168-1178, 1991.



How to Cite

Lai, Y.-H. (2014). Temperature Factor Affecting Dengue Fever Incidence in Southern Taiwan. Asian Journal of Humanities and Social Studies, 2(5). Retrieved from https://ajouronline.com/index.php/AJHSS/article/view/1725