Simulation and Design of Continuous Heterogeneous Catalytic Biodiesel Production


  • Haruna Ibrahim National Research Institute for Chemical Technology, Zaria
  • Abdulkareem S. Ahmad Department of Chemical Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
  • Idris M. Bugaje Department of Chemical Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
  • Ibrahim A. Muhammed-Dabo Department of Chemical Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria


simulate, design, solid catalyst, continuous process, cost


The advantages of biodiesel over petroleum diesel have shifted the attention of scientists to the production of biodiesel. These advantages include; biodegradable, low emissions of greenhouse gas, engine durability and renewability. The conventional technological method of biodiesel production does not make biodiesel economically competitive. A research was carried out in simulation design and construction of a continuous heterogeneous catalytic biodiesel pilot plant. This was done to produce biodiesel at 600C, 98 minutes reaction time, and 3:1 mole ratio of methanol to Jatropha curcas oil using solid calcium oxide catalyst. With catalyst loading of 1.5% w/w of oil a conversion of 99.98% was achieved at the residence time of 98 minutes. The products; biodiesel and glycerol were expected to be clean and dry as the catalyst is separated by filtration from the products.


Author Biography

Haruna Ibrahim, National Research Institute for Chemical Technology, Zaria

Petrochemical Division, Petrochemical & Allied Department


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How to Cite

Ibrahim, H., Ahmad, A. S., Bugaje, I. M., & Muhammed-Dabo, I. A. (2013). Simulation and Design of Continuous Heterogeneous Catalytic Biodiesel Production. Asian Journal of Engineering and Technology, 1(5). Retrieved from