Simulation and Design of Continuous Heterogeneous Catalytic Biodiesel Production

Haruna Ibrahim, Abdulkareem S. Ahmad, Idris M. Bugaje, Ibrahim A. Muhammed-Dabo


The advantages of biodiesel over petroleum diesel have shifted the attention of scientists to the production of biodiesel. These advantages include; biodegradable, low emissions of greenhouse gas, engine durability and renewability. The conventional technological method of biodiesel production does not make biodiesel economically competitive. A research was carried out in simulation design and construction of a continuous heterogeneous catalytic biodiesel pilot plant. This was done to produce biodiesel at 600C, 98 minutes reaction time, and 3:1 mole ratio of methanol to Jatropha curcas oil using solid calcium oxide catalyst. With catalyst loading of 1.5% w/w of oil a conversion of 99.98% was achieved at the residence time of 98 minutes. The products; biodiesel and glycerol were expected to be clean and dry as the catalyst is separated by filtration from the products.



simulate, design, solid catalyst, continuous process, cost

Full Text:



Xin Deng, Zhen Fang, Yun-hu Liu and Chang-Liu Yu, 2011. Production of Biodiesel from Jatropha Oil Catalyzed by Nano-sized Solid basic Catalyst, Elsevier

. Y. Zhang, M. A. Duke, D. D. Mclean and M. Kates, 2003. Biodiesel Production from Waste Cooking Oil:1 Process Design and Technological Assessment,I Bioresources Technology, 89 (2003)1-16

Tint Tint Kywe, Mya Mya Oo, 2009. Production of Biodiesel from Jatropha Oil (Jatropha curcas) in Pilot Plant, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 50, 2009, Pp 477-483

B. K. Highina1, I. M. Bugaje1 and B. Umar, 2011. Biodiesel production from Jatropha caucus oil in a batch reactor using zinc oxide as catalyst Journal of Petroleum Technology and Alternative Fuels Vol. 2(9), pp. 146-149.

Chak-Tong Au and Hongxing Dai, 2008. Catalytic Generation of Biodiesel from Vegetable Oils, Engineering College of Environmental and Energy Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing, China.

Yee Kian Fei, Lee Keat Teong, 2008. Palm Oil as Feedstocks for Biodiesel Production Via Heterogeneous Transesterification: Optimization Study International Conference on Environment 2008 (ICENV 2008), Pp 1-14

Edgar Lotero, Yijun Liu and James G. Goodwin, Jr Triglyceride Transesterification using Solid Base Catalysts, Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634 (US), Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.2005,44,5353-5363

W.N.R. Wan Isahak, M. Ismail, J. Mohd Jahim, J. Salimon andM.A. Yarmo, 2010. Transesterification of Palm Oil Using Nano-Calcium oxide as a Solid Base Catalyst, World Applied Sciences Journal 9 (Special Issue of Nanotechnology),17-22 ISSN 1818-4952

S. Hawash, G.El Diwani, E.Abdel Kader, 2011. Optimization of Biodiesel Production from Jatropha Oil By Heterogeneous Base Catalysed Transesterification, International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology (IJEST), ISSN: 0975-5462 Vol. 3 No. 6, 5242-5251

Satish Lele, 2011. Indian Green Energy AwarenessCentre,

Stanley M. Walas (1990), Chemicl Process Equipment Selection and Design, Butterworth- Heinemann, Boston.Pp 287-304

Umeet Bhachu, Norman Chow, Andreas Chrietensen, Amadam Drew, Linda Ishkintana, Jerry LuConrad Poon, Crissa Villamayor, AyriemSetiapatra and Tony Yau, 2005. The Design of a Portable Biodiesel Plant. The University of British Columbia Pp 1-137.

Rubi Romero, Sandra Luz Martínez and Reyna Natividad, 2011. Biodiesel Production by Using Heterogeneous Catalysts, Alternative fuel, Centro Conjunto de Investigación en Química Sustentable UAEM-UNAM, Pp 1-20


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)