Simulation and Design of Continuous Heterogeneous Catalytic Biodiesel Production

Haruna Ibrahim, Abdulkareem S. Ahmad, Idris M. Bugaje, Ibrahim A. Muhammed-Dabo

Abstract


The advantages of biodiesel over petroleum diesel have shifted the attention of scientists to the production of biodiesel. These advantages include; biodegradable, low emissions of greenhouse gas, engine durability and renewability. The conventional technological method of biodiesel production does not make biodiesel economically competitive. A research was carried out in simulation design and construction of a continuous heterogeneous catalytic biodiesel pilot plant. This was done to produce biodiesel at 600C, 98 minutes reaction time, and 3:1 mole ratio of methanol to Jatropha curcas oil using solid calcium oxide catalyst. With catalyst loading of 1.5% w/w of oil a conversion of 99.98% was achieved at the residence time of 98 minutes. The products; biodiesel and glycerol were expected to be clean and dry as the catalyst is separated by filtration from the products.

 


Keywords


simulate, design, solid catalyst, continuous process, cost

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References


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