Simulation and Design of Continuous Heterogeneous Catalytic Biodiesel Production
Keywords:simulate, design, solid catalyst, continuous process, cost
The advantages of biodiesel over petroleum diesel have shifted the attention of scientists to the production of biodiesel. These advantages include; biodegradable, low emissions of greenhouse gas, engine durability and renewability. The conventional technological method of biodiesel production does not make biodiesel economically competitive. A research was carried out in simulation design and construction of a continuous heterogeneous catalytic biodiesel pilot plant. This was done to produce biodiesel at 600C, 98 minutes reaction time, and 3:1 mole ratio of methanol to Jatropha curcas oil using solid calcium oxide catalyst. With catalyst loading of 1.5% w/w of oil a conversion of 99.98% was achieved at the residence time of 98 minutes. The products; biodiesel and glycerol were expected to be clean and dry as the catalyst is separated by filtration from the products.
Xin Deng, Zhen Fang, Yun-hu Liu and Chang-Liu Yu, 2011. Production of Biodiesel from Jatropha Oil Catalyzed by Nano-sized Solid basic Catalyst, Elsevier
. Y. Zhang, M. A. Duke, D. D. Mclean and M. Kates, 2003. Biodiesel Production from Waste Cooking Oil:1 Process Design and Technological Assessment,I Bioresources Technology, 89 (2003)1-16
Tint Tint Kywe, Mya Mya Oo, 2009. Production of Biodiesel from Jatropha Oil (Jatropha curcas) in Pilot Plant, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 50, 2009, Pp 477-483
B. K. Highina1, I. M. Bugaje1 and B. Umar, 2011. Biodiesel production from Jatropha caucus oil in a batch reactor using zinc oxide as catalyst Journal of Petroleum Technology and Alternative Fuels Vol. 2(9), pp. 146-149.
Chak-Tong Au and Hongxing Dai, 2008. Catalytic Generation of Biodiesel from Vegetable Oils, Engineering College of Environmental and Energy Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing, China.
Yee Kian Fei, Lee Keat Teong, 2008. Palm Oil as Feedstocks for Biodiesel Production Via Heterogeneous Transesterification: Optimization Study International Conference on Environment 2008 (ICENV 2008), Pp 1-14
Edgar Lotero, Yijun Liu and James G. Goodwin, Jr Triglyceride Transesterification using Solid Base Catalysts, Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634 (US), Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.2005,44,5353-5363
W.N.R. Wan Isahak, M. Ismail, J. Mohd Jahim, J. Salimon andM.A. Yarmo, 2010. Transesterification of Palm Oil Using Nano-Calcium oxide as a Solid Base Catalyst, World Applied Sciences Journal 9 (Special Issue of Nanotechnology),17-22 ISSN 1818-4952
S. Hawash, G.El Diwani, E.Abdel Kader, 2011. Optimization of Biodiesel Production from Jatropha Oil By Heterogeneous Base Catalysed Transesterification, International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology (IJEST), ISSN: 0975-5462 Vol. 3 No. 6, 5242-5251
Satish Lele, 2011. Indian Green Energy AwarenessCentre, www.svlele.com
Stanley M. Walas (1990), Chemicl Process Equipment Selection and Design, Butterworth- Heinemann, Boston.Pp 287-304
Umeet Bhachu, Norman Chow, Andreas Chrietensen, Amadam Drew, Linda Ishkintana, Jerry LuConrad Poon, Crissa Villamayor, AyriemSetiapatra and Tony Yau, 2005. The Design of a Portable Biodiesel Plant. The University of British Columbia Pp 1-137.
Rubi Romero, Sandra Luz MartÃnez and Reyna Natividad, 2011. Biodiesel Production by Using Heterogeneous Catalysts, Alternative fuel, Centro Conjunto de InvestigaciÃ³n en QuÃmica Sustentable UAEM-UNAM, Pp 1-20
How to Cite
- Papers must be submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by any other publisher.
- It is also the authors responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular source are submitted with the necessary approval.
- The authors warrant that the paper is original and that he/she is the author of the paper, except for material that is clearly identified as to its original source, with permission notices from the copyright owners where required.
- The authors ensure that all the references carefully and they are accurate in the text as well as in the list of references (and vice versa).
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.