Semantic Interpreter <i>Pythia</i> : GIS-based Expert Knowledge Algorithm for Automated Geotechnical Soil Profiling of Applicable Data
Keywords:Geotechnical Engineering, Geographical Information Systems (GIS), Semantic Interpreter (SI), Online Engineering (OE), Spatial Reasoning/Intelligence, Spatial Data Infrastructure, Data Integration
Although the fields of geospatial data are growing rapidly, the result is still not satisfactory for the needs of engineers. No systematic information is available about geotechnical subsurface soil conditions and underground artificial infrastructures. This old-age problem is two-fold: (a) inadequate available digital geotechnical data, and (b) no concepts to improving the applicability and to updating data for engineering applications. On the second, the paper proposes the innovative GIS-based model-driven data processing methodology implemented into an expert knowledge algorithm named Semantic Interpreter Pythia (thereafter SI). From the point of view of geotechnical engineering, the subject of SI is the automated multi-thematic geotechnical soil profiling (GSP) by which it determines the geometry, the properties and the stratigraphy of the site-specific subsoil. From the point of view of geographic information science, the subject of this expert is to relate multi-thematic sets of data from databases, to interpret these data with a specialized data fusion model and, ultimately, to lead to unified information in a core relational database. The paper presents the innovative idea of this algorithm to propose the development of automated SI tools by the modern GIS and internet technology. These tools could help disseminate useful and up-to-date data for a wide range of uses. Based on the experiences distilled from an extensive geotechnical case study, the paper specifies what content is appropriate for engineering studies. The notions of data applicability and geotechnical semantic interpretation arise.
INSPIRE, Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, establishing an â€¦Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community, at http://inspire.ec.europa.eu/
Papadopoulou Maria. A. (under review). â€œHelGeoRDaS_uTH: A Multi-Thematic Geotechnical Database System About The Subsurface Soil And Underground Infrastructures In Thessaly (Greece)â€, International Journal of Spatial Data Infrastructures Research (http://ijsdir.jrc.ec.europa.eu/index.php/ijsdir/article/view/487).
Papadopoulou Maria A. (2019- accepted) â€œGeotechnical Geospatial Semantics and Interoperable GIS: the Case of GeoSeism for Automated Seismic Microzonation Studiesâ€, Asian Journal of Engineering and Technology Vol. 7, No. 1 (ISSN: 2321 â€“ 2462).
Papadopoulou, M. A., G. S. Ioannidis (2018 a). â€œMobilizing the Semantic Interpreter Pythia â€“ Teaching Engineering Students to Integrate GIS and Soil Data During In Situ Measurementsâ€, In: Auer M., Tsiatsos T. (eds) Interactive Mobile Communication Technologies and Learning. IMCL 2017 (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing), vol. 725, Springer, Cham, 2018 a. DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-75175-7_19
ISO/TC 211, â€œGeographic_information/Geomaticsâ€, â€œGeographic_data_and_informationâ€.
Wikipedia, â€œKnowledge representation and reasoning (KR, KRÂ², KR&R)â€.
Wikipedia, â€œExpert Computer Systemâ€.
Wikipedia, â€œSemantic Interpretationâ€.
Marr J. Andrew, Pascoe T. Richard, Benwell L. George, â€œInteroperable GIS and Spatial Process Modellingâ€, Proceedings of GeoComputation â€˜97 & SIRC â€™97, 1997.
Goodchild Michael , Egenhofer Max , Fegeas Robin , Kottman Cliff , â€œInteroperating Geographic Information Systemsâ€, (Book), 1991. DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-5189-8
Wikipedia, â€œSemantic Interoperabilityâ€.
Papadopoulou Maria A. â€œAutomated methodology for seismic hazard microzonation studies of interoperable geographic information systems â€“ The case study of a Hellenic cityâ€, Doctoral Thesis, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Thessaly, Greece, 2017. (in Greek, at . https://www.didaktorika.gr/eadd/handle/10442/40605)
Kulhawy F. H. and P. W. Mayne. â€œManual on estimating soil properties for foundation designâ€, Report EL6800. Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, 306 p, 1990.
OGC - Open Geospatial Consortium, â€œFusion Standards Study, Phase 2â€, Engineering Report, Date: 2010-12-13, Reference number of this document: OGC 10-184, Category: (Public) Engineering Report, 2010.
Steinberg A. N., Bowman C. L., & White F. E., â€œRevisions to the JDL Data Fusion Modelâ€, ERIM International, Inc, 1999.
Dasarathy B. V., â€œDecision Fusionâ€, IEEE Computer Society Press, 1994.
Hayes-Roth Frederick, Waterman Donald, Lenat Douglas, â€œBuilding Expert Systemsâ€, Addison-Wesley, (Book), 1983. ISBN 0-201-10686-8
How to Cite
- Papers must be submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by any other publisher.
- It is also the authors responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular source are submitted with the necessary approval.
- The authors warrant that the paper is original and that he/she is the author of the paper, except for material that is clearly identified as to its original source, with permission notices from the copyright owners where required.
- The authors ensure that all the references carefully and they are accurate in the text as well as in the list of references (and vice versa).
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.