Knowledge Transfer in Postgraduate Research and Education


  • Ramadas Narayanan School of Engineering & Technology; CQ University
  • Samir Lemes Mechanical Engineering Faculty; University of Zenica
  • Sead Spuzic School of Engineering; University of South Australia
  • Dennis Mulcahy School of Natural and Built Environments, University of South Australia
  • Silvia Pignata School of Engineering; University of South Australia
  • Faik Uzunovic Faculty of Metallurgy and Materials Science; University of Zenica
  • Kym Fraser Office Research IEE, Barbara Hardy Institute; University of South Australia


Postgraduate, Education, Research, Knowledge, Transfer


The purpose of this paper is to diagnose and suggest remedies for issues in postgraduate research such as lack in transparency, sharing and application of existing and newly created knowledge. A multidisciplinary team  identified the critical factors in large industrial systems, the nodes that are the most amenable to improvement, and how can such improvements be actualized. An actual case of postgraduate research project was selected to present an important agenda recognized across the socioeconomic domains: how to contribute to the sustainability of large industrial systems. Key aspects included searching for information located in industrial databases, and exploring the pathways for two-way transfer of knowledge between academe and industry. The issues that might hinder the developing, sharing and application of newly created knowledge are identified as follows: ambiguous records of existing knowledge, isolationism in industrial databases, misalignments in the hierarchy of research priorities, communication circuit-breaks slowing down the application of research findings. This can be overcome by focusing on the inherent intentions and beliefs, and by improving the knowledge  transparency due to the advances in the Internet and knowledge sharing networks.

Postgraduate research and  education can increase knowledge and generate innovation. Knowledge is a probability intensifier for contemplated actualizations. Something can be evaluated as understood only if significantly increases the  probability of objectivization. The perspective of interaction between unmanned and manned systems, and the rise of the open networks for sharing interdisciplinary knowledge, present new avenues for enhancing the transfer and application of knowledge at unprecedented rates.


Abhary, K.; Adriansen, H.K.; Begovac, F.; Djukic, D.; Qin, B.; Spuzic, S; et al. "Some Basic Aspects of Knowledge", Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 1 No. 1, pp. 1753-1758, 2009

Abhary, K.; Adriansen, H.K.; Begovac, F.; et al. "A Contribution to Transparency of Scientific and Engineering Concepts", The Int. Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Change Management. Vol. 9 No. 5, pp. 93-106, 2009

Abhary, K.; Spuzic, S.; Ghomashchi, R. "Some Aspects of Design Optimisation in Rolling Technology", presented at the International Conference Materials Innovation in Surface Engineering (MISE 2013); 2013 Nov 19-21; Adelaide: Australia, Materials Australia, 2013

Amadelli, R.; Molinari, A.; Vitali, I.; Samiolo, L.; Mura, G.M.; Maldotti, A. "Photo-electro-chemical properties of TiO2 mediated by the enzyme glucose oxidase", Catalysis Today, Vol. 101 No. 3 4, pp. 397-405, 2005

Association International roll pass designers and rolling mill engineers (AIKW),

Brewer, C.P.; Garrison, R.H.; Noreen, E.W. "Introduction to Managerial Accounting. 2nd ed.", McGraw-Hill Irwin, Boston, 2005

British National Corpus (BNC), "Simple Search from the British Library", 2011,

Byon, S.M.; Na, D.H.; Lee, Y. "Effect of roll gap adjustment on exit cross sectional shape in groove rolling-Experimental and FE analysis", Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol. 209 No. 9, pp. 4465-4470, 2009

Cook, J.; Nuccitelli, D.; Green, A.S.; Richardson, M.; Winkler, B.; Painting, R.; et al. "Quantifying the consensus on anthropogenic global warming in the scientific literature", Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 8 No. 2, pp. 024024, 2013

Ductile Iron Society, "Ductile Iron Data for Design Engineers",

Ellis, M.; Dillich, S.; Margolis, N. "Industrial Water Use and Its Energy Implications [report]", Energetics Incorporated and U.S. Department of Energy–Office of Industrial Technologies, Columbia, USA, 2011

Engineers Australia, "Resources and Library",

Farlex, "The Free Dictionary",

Griesemer, J. "Formalization and the Meaning of 'Theory' in the Inexact Biological Sciences", Biological Theory, No. 7, pp. 298-310, 2013

Hansen, D.R.; Mowen, M.M. "Management Accounting. 7th ed.", International Student ed., Thomson South-Western, Singapore, 2005

JaxWorks, "Glossary of Financial Terms. JaxWorks Small Business Spreadsheet Factory",

Klarin, K.; Mouton, J.-P.; Lundberg, S.-E. "Application of computerized slip-line-field analysis for the calculation of the lever-arm coefficient in hot-rolling mills", Journal of Mat. Processing Technology, No. 36, pp. 427-446, 1993

Kumar, S.; Toteja, R. "Print to Digital: A Study of Students' Psychosomatic Cost in Traditional and E-Learning", Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, No. 67, pp. 553-560, 2012

Kwon, H.-C.; Lee, H.-W.; Kim, H.-Y.; Im, Y.-T.; Park, H.-D.; Lee, D.-L. "Surface wrinkle defect of carbon steel in the hot bar rolling process", Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol. 209 No. 9, pp. 4476-4483, 2009

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, "About MIT",

National Science Foundation, "WordNet", Princeton University,

Noda, N.-A.; Yamada, M.; Sano, Y.; Sugiyama, S.; Kobayashi, S. "Thermal stress for all-ceramics rolls used in molten metal to produce stable high quality galvanized steel sheet", Engineering Failure Analysis, Vol. 15 No. 4, pp. 261-274, 2008

O'Toole, "M. Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, 7th ed.", Saunders, 2003

Oxford Index Beta,

Oxford Reference Online, "Physical Sciences & Mathematics", 2005,

Schommers, W. Nanodesign: Some Basic Questions, World Scientific, London, 2014

Seidman, D. "How: Why How We Do Anything Means Everything, expanded ed.", Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, 2007

Spuzic, S.; Abhary, K.; Fraser, K.; Mulcahy, D.; Narayanan, R. "Some Aspects of Disambiguation of Multi-disciplinary Knowledge", in Lemckert, C.; Jenkins, G.; Lang-Lemckert, S. (Eds.) Proceedings of 2013 Australasian Association for Engineering Education (AAEE) Conference in Gold Coast, Australia, 2013 Dec 8-11, Griffith University, Brisbane, pp. 1-6, 2013

Spuzic, S.; Abhary, K.; Stevens, C.; Fabris, N.; Rice, J.; Nouwens, F. "Contribution to Cross-disciplinary Lexicon", in Radcliffe, D.; Humphries, J. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 4th ASEE/AAEE Global Colloquium on Engineering Education; 2005 Sept 26-29; Australasian Association for Engineering Education, Sydney, pp. 1-10, 2005

Spuzic, S.; Abhary, K.; Stevens, C.; Uzunovic, F. "Contribution to Knowledge Management: Cross-disciplinary Terminology", in Proceedings of 5th Pan-European Conference on Planning For Minerals and Transport Infrastructure: PEMT'06; 2006 May 18-20, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Mauna-Fe Sarajevo, pp. 1-13, 2006

Steering Committee for Industry, "Report of the Working Group on Steel Industry for the Twelfth Five Year Plan (2012 - 2017)", Government of India Ministry of Steel, New Delhi, India,

Strawn, W.G. "Technology transfer: What is it? What can it do for me?", Journal of Technology Transfer, Vol. 6 No. 2, pp. 45-51, 1982

Terminology and Reference Section, Documentation Division, DGACM United Nations, "United Nations Multilingual Terminology Database – UNTERM",

"The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary", Houghton Mifflin, 2007

Thinkmap Inc., "Visual Thesaurus",

Thomson Reuters, "Web of Knowledge", Thomson Reuters (formerly ISI), Philadelphia,

UNESCO, "Interpreters of the United Nations",

UNESCO, "UNESCO Thesaurus",

Wagner, W. "OT good news A Concrete Step Toward Cleaner Air", Scientific American Partner Network, 2006,

Yuan, S.Y.; Zhang, L.W.; Liao, S.L.; Jian, G.D.; Yu, Y.S.; Qi, M. "Simulation of deformation and temperature in multi-pass continuous rolling by three-dimensional FEM", Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol. 209 No. 6, pp. 2760-2766, 2006




How to Cite

Narayanan, R., Lemes, S., Spuzic, S., Mulcahy, D., Pignata, S., Uzunovic, F., & Fraser, K. (2014). Knowledge Transfer in Postgraduate Research and Education. Asian Journal of Education and E-Learning, 2(6). Retrieved from