Flood Monitoring and Detection System using Wireless Sensor Network
Keywords:Wireless Sensor Network, Flood Monitoring and Detection.
Nigeria as a whole and Uyo, a southern province in Nigeria, in particular is facing a serious challenge with an increasing frequency of flood in recent years. It is therefore crucial to utilize the state-of-the-art sensing and communication technologies to monitor and detect flood occurrences The role of the designed Flood Monitoring and Detection System (FMDS) based on WSN is to continuously monitor, detect and report the environmentâ€™s status to a control unit using relative humidity, temperature, water level and amount of rainfall as flood indicators, whose values are gathered by sensors in the sensor field. The flood monitoring and detection system monitors and know the development of floods and then send flood notification SMS to the inhabitant of such zones for necessary action. The developed Flood Monitoring and Detection System (FMDS) covers 15 flood prone regions in Uyo metropolis in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. The GIS map of the flood prone zones is incorporated into the FMDS. The system is composed of three major modules which are the sensor field module, surveillance module and the phone module. The system was developed using Java Programming Language built into surveillance module of the system. The developed system is robust and gives timely alert of flood occurrences.
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