Towards Safety Driving: How Neurotic Personality Affects Malaysian Drivers’ Behaviour?


  • Nur Shazwani Rosli School of Technology Management & Logistics,
  • Jasmani Mohd Yunus School of Business Management, Universiti Utara
  • Suhaila Abdul Hanan School of Technology Management & Logistics, Universiti Utara


Adverse Driving Behaviour, Neuroticism, Road Traffic Accidents, Big Five Personality


The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between neuroticism of Big 5   personality and adverse driving behaviour among motorists in Malaysia. Intercepted drivers were surveyed using self-reported questionnaires, and they were asked their opinions about their driving behaviour as well as their personality traits. A total of 384 completed questionnaires were collected with a response rate of 18.1 percent. However, only 311 were found useable for the final analysis. Partial Least Squares (PLS) path modelling was used in the data analysis. The finding revealed a significant and positive relationship between neuroticism and adverse driving behaviour.


WHO, World traffic injuries, World Health Organization, Geneva, 2017.

WHO, Global status report on road safety 2015, World Health Organization, Geneva, 2015.

Riendeau, J., The role of personality in predicting unsafe driver behaviour in young and older adults, Unpublished PhD dissertation, Lakehead University, Ontario, Canada, 2012

Iversen, H.H. and Rundmo, T., Attitudes towards traffic safety, driving behaviour and accident involvement among the Norwegian public, Ergonomics, vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 555-572, 2004.

Iversen, H.H., Risk taking attitudes and risky driving behaviour, Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 135-150, 2004.

Rakauskas, M.E., Ward, N.J., Gerberich, S.G., and Alexander, B.H., Rural and safety cultures: Human centred interventions toward zero deaths in rural Minnesota, ITS Institute, Minneapolis, MN, 2007.

Akaateba, M.A. and Amoh-Gyimah, R., Driver attitude towards traffic safety violations and risk taking behaviour in Kumasi: The gender and age dimension, International Journal for Traffic and Transport Engineering, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 479-494, 2013.

Eagly, A.H. and Chaiken, S., The psychology of attitudes, Harcourt Brace & Jovanovich, Fort Worth, TX, 1993.

Brooks, M.V., Health related hardiness in individuals with chronic illness, Clinical Nursing Research, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 98-117, 2008

Wang, Z., Does family background impact driving attitudes and risky behaviours? An investigation on Chinese drivers, Unpublished Master thesis, Queensland University of Technology, Australia, 2016.

McCrae, R.R. and Costa, P.T., Personality in adulthood: a five factor theory perspective, Guildford Press, New York, 2003.

Hussain, S., Abbas, M., Shahzad, K. and Bukhari, S.S., Personality and career choice, African Journal of Business Management, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 2255-2260, 2012.

Golestan, S., Hamsan, H.H. and Abdullah, H., The moderating effect of self-efficacy on the relationship between personality traits and cigarette smoking behaviour among adolescents in Kerman, Iran, Asian Culture and History, vol. 7, no.1, pp. 187-198, 2015.

Wang, Y., Yao, L., Liu, L., Yang, X., Wu, H., Wang, J. and Wang, L., The mediating role of self-efficacy in the relationship between big five personality and depressive symptoms among Chinese unemployed population; a cross sectional study, BMC Psychiatry, vol. 14, pp. 61-70, 2014.

Dahlen, E.R., Edwards, B.D., Tubre, T., Zyphur, M.J. and Warren, C.R., Taking a look behind the wheel: an investigation into the personality predictors of aggressive driving, Accident Analysis and Prevention, vol. 45, pp. 1-9, 2012.

Jovanovic, D., Lipovac, K., Stanojevic, P. and Stanojevic, D., The effects of personality traits on driving-related anger and aggressive behaviour in traffic among Serbian drivers, Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, vol. 14, no.1, pp. 43-53, 2011.

Anitei, M., Chraif, M., Burtaverde, V., and Mihaila, T., The Big Five personality facts in the prediction of aggressive driving behaviour among Romanian youngsters, International Journal of traffic and Transportation Psychology, vol. 2, no.1, pp. 7-20, 2014.

Garrity, R.D. and Demick, J., Relations among personality traits, mood states and driving behaviours, Journal of Adult Development, vol. 8, pp.109-118, 2001.

Wahlberg, A., Barraclough, P. and Freeman, J., Personality vs traffic accidents: Meta-analysis of real method effects, Transportation Research Part F., 2016,

Castanier, C., Le Scanff, C. and Woodman, T., Beyond sensation seeking: affect regulation as a framework for predicting risk taking behaviour in high risk sport, J Sport Exercise Psychology, vol. 32, no.5, pp. 731-738, 2010.

Vollrath, M., Knoch, D., and Cassano, L., Personality, risk behaviour and perceived susceptibility to health risks, European Journal of Personality, vol.13, no.1, pp. 39-50, 1990.

Clarke, S. and Robertson, I.T., A meta-analytic review of the big five personality factors and accident involvement in occupational and non-occupational settings, Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, vol. 78, pp. 355- 376, 2005.

Fikri, Ismail, R. and Halim, F.W., The model of personality and driver behaviour as mediator on road accident involvement among bus drivers in Riau Province Indonesia, International Journal of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences, vol. 5, no.4, pp.148-153, 2015

Hansen, C.P., A causal model of the relationship among accidents biodata, personality and cognitive factors, Journal of Applied Psychology, vol. 74, no.1, pp. 81-90, 1989.

Mathews, G., Dorn, L. and Glendon, I., Personality correlates of driver stress, Personality and Individual Differences, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 535-549, 1991.

Thorrisen, M.M., The role of extraversion and neuroticism in drivers’ behaviour toward bicyclists, Unpublished Master thesis, University of Oslo, Norway, 2013.

Ucho, A., Terwase, J.M. and Ucho, A.A., Influence of Big five personality traits and locus of control on road safety rules compliance among motorcycle riders in North Central Nigeria, Asia Pacific Journal of Education, Arts and Sciences, vol. 3, no.1, pp. 1-9, 2016

Stephens, V., Self-reported risky driving behaviour and the Big five personality traits, University of Worcester, UK, 2011.

Rahman, N.A., Dangerous driving behaviour from Big five personality, Jurnal Online Psikologi, vol. 2, no. 2, 2014.

Qu, W., Ge, Y., Xiong, Y., Carciofo, R., Zhao, W. and Zhang, K., Dangerous driving in a Chinese sample: Associations with morningness-eveningness preference and personality, PloS One, 10, e0116717, 2015.

Harris, P.B., Houston, J.M., Vazquez, J.A., Smither, J.A. and Harms, A., The proposal and aggressive driving inventory: a self-report measure of safe and unsafe driving behaviours, Rollins College, Florida, 2014.

Taubman-Ben-Ari, O.and Yehiel, D., Driving styles and their associations with personality and motivation, Accident Analysis and Prevention, vol. 45, pp. 416-422, 2012.

Iancu, A.E., Hogea, A. and Olteanu, A.F., The association between personality and aggressive driving: A meta-analysis, Romanian Journal of Applied Psychology, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 24-32, 2016.

Benfield, J.A., Szlemko, W.J. and Bell, P.A., Driver personality and anthromorphic attributions of vehicle personality relate to reported aggressive driving tendencies, Personality and Individual Differences, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 247-258, 2007.

Britt, T.W. and Garrity, M.J., Attributions and personality as predictors of the road rage response, British Journal of Social Psychology, vol. 45, pp. 127-147, 2006.

Gadbois, E.A. and Dugan, E., The Big 5 personality factors as predictors of driving status in older adults, Journal of Aging and Health, vol. 27, no.1, pp. 54-74, 2015.

Robins, R.W., Tracy, J.L. and Sherman, J.W., Handbook of research methods in personality psychology, Guildford Press, London, 2007.

Sekaran, U., Research methods for business: a skill building approach, John Wiley, New Delhi, 2006.

Cozby, P., Methods in behavioural research, Mayfield Publishing, California, 1989.

Kraut, A.I., Getting action from organizational surveys: New concepts, methods and applications, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, 2006.

Martinussen, L.M., Facilitating improved road safety based on increased knowledge about driving behaviour and profiling sub-groups of drivers, Unpublished PhD thesis, Technical University of Denmark, 2013.

Varmazyar, S., Mortazavi, S.B., Hajizadeh, E. and Arghami, S., The relationship between aberrant behaviour and self-reported accidents involvement amongst professional bus drivers in the public transportation company, Health Scope, vol. 2, no.2, pp.110-115, 2013.

Reason, J., Manstead, A., Stradling, S., Baxter, J.S. and Campbell, K., Errors and violations on the roads: A real distinction?, Ergonomics, vol. 33, no. 10/11, pp. 1315-1332, 1990.

McCrae, R.R. and Costa, P.T., Personality in adulthood, Guildford, New York, 1990.

Goldberg, L.R., The structure of phenotypic personality traits, American Psychologist, vol. 48, pp. 26-34, 1993.

Hair, J.F., Hult, G., Ringle, C.M. and Sarstedt, M., A primer on partial least squares SEM, Sage, Singapore, 2014.

Chin, W.W., How to write up and report PLS analyses, Texas: Springer, Texas, 2010.

Ulleberg, P. and Rundmo, T., Personality, attitudes and risk perceptions as predictors of risky driving behaviour among young drivers, Safety Science, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 427-443, 2003.

Galovski, T. and Blanchard, E.B., Psychological characteristics of aggressive drivers with or without intermittent explosive disorder, Behaviour Research and Therapy, vol. 40, no.10, pp. 1157-1168, 2002.

Vazquez, J.A., Personality factors, age and aggressive driving: A validation using a driving simulator, Unpublished PhD dissertation, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida, 2013.




How to Cite

Rosli, N. S., Yunus, J. M., & Hanan, S. A. (2018). Towards Safety Driving: How Neurotic Personality Affects Malaysian Drivers’ Behaviour?. Asian Journal of Business and Management, 6(1). Retrieved from