Is Physical Activity, Functional Ability, and Depression Related to The Elderly Quality of Life in East Jakarta?


  • Ratu Health Polytechnic of Jakarta 3, Ministry of Health
  • Dwi Agustina Health Polytechnic of Jakarta III
  • Erna Health Polytechnic of Jakarta 3, Ministry of Health
  • Azis



quality of life, physical activity, functional ability, depression, elderly


Introduction: The global population is aging, and the number of elderly people continues to increase worldwide. The increase in the elderly population is followed by an increase in problems due to degenerative processes that have an impact on the quality of life of the elderly. Several factors that affect the quality of life of the elderly include physical activity, functional abilities, and depression.

Methodology: The study design was cross-sectional. Based on the quota sampling in East Jakarta, 180 elderly were selected as the sample. WHOQOL-BREF was used to measured quality of life of independent variables. GPAQ, IADL-Barthel Index, GDS were used to measure dependent variables of physical activity, functional ability and depression, respectively. The Data collection method was an interview using a questionnaire. Data analysis includes univariate and bivariate analysis using Chi-Square test and multivariate analysis using Logistic Statistics test using Enter method.

Results: Most of the elderly have a good quality of life (77.2%). There was a significant corellation between physical activity, functional ability, depression and the quality of life of the elderly. The most important factor was physical activity and the P values and OR were 0.014 and OR 3.409, respectively after being controlled by the variables of functional ability and depression.

Conclusion: The finding indicated physical activity was the key factor of quality of life. In order to support elderly to exercise regularly and safely, cooperation between local governments, communities, and families is needed to develop interesting exercise/leisure sport programs and provide support facilities for the elderly.

Keywords— quality of life, physical activity, functional ability, depression, elderly

Author Biographies

Ratu, Health Polytechnic of Jakarta 3, Ministry of Health

Ratu Karel Lina is assistant professor at Physiotherapy Department of the Health Polytechnic Jakarta III. She received a bachelor degree in public health from University of Esa Unggul and a master degree in public health from University of Gajah Mada. She is interested in elderly health related with musculoskeletal and respiration. Ratu Karel Lina can be contacted via email as follows

Dwi Agustina, Health Polytechnic of Jakarta III

Dwi Agustina is assistant professor at the Health Polytechnic Jakarta III – Physiotherapy Department. She received a bachelor’s degree in public health from University of Indonesia and a master’s degree in community health and health management in developing country from University of Heidelberg. She is interested in health related with physical activity including exercise to improve health, nutrition and health behavior. Dwi Agustina can be contacted via email as follows

Erna, Health Polytechnic of Jakarta 3, Ministry of Health

Erna Sariana is an instructor at the Health Polytechnic Jakarta III, Physiotherapy Department. She received a bachelor degree in public health from University of Respati Indonesia and a master degree in public health from University Respati Indonesia. She is interested in public health. Erna Sariana can be contacted via email as follows


Azis Ritonga was assistant professor at Physiotherapy Department of the Health Polytechnic Jakarta III. He past away in September 2020.  He received a bachelor degree in religion from Institut of Islamic Religion Al-Aqidah, Jakarta and a master degree in religion from University of Islam Jakarta. He was interested in spiritual health-related.


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How to Cite

Lina, R. K., Agustina, D., Sariana, E., & Ritonga, A. (2020). Is Physical Activity, Functional Ability, and Depression Related to The Elderly Quality of Life in East Jakarta?. Asian Journal of Applied Sciences, 8(5).