The Relationship of Birth Weight Infant with Bacteriological Profile and Antibiotic Resistance of Neonatal Sepsis

Nisrina Asysyifa, Husjain Djajaningrat, Diah Lestari

Abstract


Neonatal sepsis is a major issue on neonatal-care field. This incident occurs by many factors, one of the factor is infant with a low birth weight. Blood culture is used as the gold standard for diagnosis. The spectrum of bacteria which caused neonatal sepsis is constantly change and vary due to antibiotic resistance phenomenon. This study aimed to determine the relationship of birth weight infant with bacteriological profile and antibiotic resistance of neonatal sepsis in RSAB Harapan Kita Jakarta. This study used observational method with cross sectional design and purposive sampling method which is analyzed by chisquare test. Medical record data and blood culture and antibiotic resistance test from all subjects in Januari until December 2018 were reviewed. The sample in this research is neonatal sepsis patients who met inclusion criteria were 51 patients. From 51 (55,43%) subjects, there were 39 (76,47%) neonatal sepsis in low birth weight infant. Klebsiella pneumonia spp (41,17%) and Staphylococcus epidermidis (19,60%) were the predominant pathogens. Amikacin (62,74%), and meropenem (50,98%) were the most susceptible antibiotic towards bacteria. Maximum resistance among organisms was seen in cefotaxime (84,31%), ceftazidime (78,43%), and amoxicillin (70,58%).  The result of the analysis found there is a relationship between birth weight infant and bacteriological profile (p-value = 0,035), but there is no relationship between birth weight infant and antibiotic resistance of neonatal sepsis (p-value =0,092; 0,066; and 0,521). There is a relationship between birth weight infant and bacteriological profile , but there is no relationship between birth weight infant and antibiotic resistance of neonatal sepsis.


Keywords


Birth Weight Infant, Neonatal Sepsis, Bacteriological Profile, Antibiotic Resistance

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24203/ajas.v7i5.5932

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