Factors Affecting the Adsorption of Some Ionic Dyes on the Surface of Modify CaO from Eggshell

Ibtighaa K. Radhi, Mouayed A. Hussein, Zaki Naser Kadhim

Abstract


In this paper, calcium oxide (CaO) was produced by the thermal treatment of eggshell. The doping process with silver iodide (AgI), oxygen (O), sulfur(S) and nitrogen (N) was achieved by adsorbents. The adsorption of Acid fuchsine (AF), Indigo Carmine (IC), Nigrosine (NG) and Alizarine Red S (AR) on the surface of these particles was studied. The different conditions affecting the adsorption process, such as the time of equilibrium, the primary concentration of the studied dyes, the amount of the adsorbent, the acidic function, the speed of the pruning motion and the temperature were studied. The pH stability time (5-10 minutes), IC and NG (30 minutes) and AR were (90 minutes). The effect of temperature was also studied within the range (25-45 ° C). The results showed that the adsorption capacity increased by increasing the temperature, ie the reaction is endothermic. The study showed the effect of the acidic function on the percentage of pigmentation. The percentage was increased by increasing the acidic function in the basal circles on the surfaces except for the AR dye. It decreased the percentage by increasing the acidic function. The effect of the weight of the adsorbent was studied on the percentage of adsorption.


Keywords


Adsorption, ionic dyes, eggshell, pH.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24203/ajas.v7i1.5690

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