Analysis of Rainfall and Temperature Trends in Bahati Sub-County, Kenya


  • Jackson K. Koimbori "KENYATTA UNIVERSITY"
  • Chris A. Shisanya
  • Shadrack K. Murimi
  • Rickard Petterson



climate variability, rainfall, temperature


This study analyzed the climate variability trends in Bahati Sub-County, Kenya for the period 1985 to 2015.The climate parameters used included rainfall onset, rainfall cessations, seasonal rain, annual rainfall, annual mean temperature, maximum and minimum temperature. Data on rainfall and temperature was collected from Nakuru Meteorological Station. The strength and direction of the relationship between rainfall and temperature was determined using SPSS software version 23 (correlation analysis) and Microsoft Office Excel 2010 to generate frequency tables, pie charts, graphs and moving averages. The findings revealed that there is a significant, negative and strong relationship between annual rainfall trend and maximum temperature (r= -0.716, p = 0.000). However, the study findings also revealed that the relationship between annual rainfall and minimum temperature had an insignificant, weak and negative relationship (r= 0.151, p= 0.418).

Author Biography

Jackson K. Koimbori, "KENYATTA UNIVERSITY"

Mr. Jackson Kinyanjui Koimbori, M.Sc. Part-Time Lecturer
Laikipia University,
School of Humanities and Development Studies, Department of Geography



Adeniyi M., Ogunsola O., Nymphas E, and Oladiran O. (2009). Food Security Measures During Uncertain Climatic Conditions in Nigeria. University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria. African Journal of Food Agriculture Nutrition and Development, 9:652-677.

Bals, C., Harmeling, S. and Windfuhr, M., (2008). Climate change, food security and the right to adequate food. Stuttgart, Germany: Diakonie Katastrophenhilfe, Brot fuer die Welt and German Watch.

Government of Kenya, (2013). National Climate Change Action Plan 2013 -2017. Government printers, Nairobi, Kenya.

Hansen, J., Sato, M., Ruedy, R., Lo, K., Lea, D.W. and Medina-Elizade, M. (2006). Global temperature change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 103(39).

IITA. (2004). Annual report for Ibadan, Nigeria. International Institute for Tropical Agriculture.

IPCC. (2007). Climate Change 2007: Impacts, adaptation and vulnerability: Contribution of Working Group II to the fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

KNBS. (2009). Kenya Population and Housing Census. Population Distribution by Age, Sex and Administrative Units, IC. Kenya National Bureau of Statistics, Nairobi: Kenya.

Makokha, G. L. and Shisanya, C.A. (2010). Trends in Mean Annual Minimum and Maximum Near Surface Temperature in Nairobi City, Kenya. Advances in Meteorology, 2010: 6.

Mark, W., Mandy, E., Gary, Y., Lan, B., Saleemul, H., and Rowena, V. (2008). Climate Change and Agriculture. Threats and Opportunities. Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, Germany.

Omoyo, N.N., Wakhungu, J. and Oteng’i, S. (2015). Effects of climate variability on maize yield in the arid and semi-arid lands of lower eastern Kenya. Agriculture and Food Security 4:8.

Shisanya, C.A., Recha, C. and Anyamba, A. (2011). Rainfall Variability and Its Impact on Normalized Difference Vegetation Index in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands of Kenya. International Journal of Geosciences, 2, 36-47.




How to Cite

Koimbori, J. K., Shisanya, C. A., Murimi, S. K., & Petterson, R. (2018). Analysis of Rainfall and Temperature Trends in Bahati Sub-County, Kenya. Asian Journal of Applied Sciences, 6(6).