Extraction of Essential Oils from Zingiberaceace Famili by using Solvent-free Microwave Extraction (SFME), Microwave-assisted Extraction (MAE) and Hydrodistillation (HD)


  • Nor Azila Abd Aziz Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • Jumiah Hassan Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • Nurul Huda Osman Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • Zulkifly Abbas Universiti Putra Malaysia




Solvent-free microwave extraction (SFME) and microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) is a combination of dry and wet distillation with microwave heating. Both methods were compared with hydrodistillation (HD) for the extraction of essential oil from three types of rhizomes in Zingibereaceace family: Mango ginger (Curcuma amada), Java turmeric (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb), and Black turmeric (Curcuma aeruginosa). Better results were obtained with SFME and MAE in terms of rapidity with 1 h extraction time using SFME and MAE vs. 4 h of extraction time using HD. SFME and MAE gives highest yield of essential oils at every second during the extraction process compared with HD.


David, P., & Charles, S. (1999). The Chemistry of Fragrance. The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Devaraj, Sutha, Sabariah Ismail, Surash Ramanathan & Mun Fei Yam. 2014. “Investigation of Antioxidant and Hepatoprotective Activity of Standardized Curcuma Xanthorrhiza Rhizome in Carbon Tetrachloride-Induced Hepatic Damaged Rats.†The Scientifc World Journal 2014: 1–8.

Kullu, Jeke et al. 2013. “Experimental and Modeling Studies on Microwave-Assisted Extraction of Mangiferin from Curcuma Amada.†3 Biotech 4: 107–20. http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13205-013-0125-5.

Lis-Balchin, M., and S. G. Deans. 1997. “Bioactivity of Selected Plant Essential Oils against Listeria Monocytogenes.†Journal of Applied Microbiology 82(6): 759–62. http://doi.wiley.com/10.1046/j.1365-2672.1997.00153.x.

Lucchesi, Marie Elisabeth et al. 2004. “An Original Solvent Free Microwave Extraction of Essential Oils from Spices.†: 134–38.

Okoh, O.O., a.P. Sadimenko, and a.J. Afolayan. 2010. “Comparative Evaluation of the Antibacterial Activities of the Essential Oils of Rosmarinus Officinalis L. Obtained by Hydrodistillation and Solvent Free Microwave Extraction Methods.†Food Chemistry 120(1): 308–12. http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0308814609011443 (March 27, 2015).

Ranjini, C. E. & K. K. Vijayan. 2005. “Structural Characterization of a Glucan from the Tubers of Curcuma Aeruginosa.†44 (March): 643–47.

Reanmongkol, Wantana et al. 2006. “Investigation the Antinociceptive, Antipyretic and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Curcuma Aeruginosa Roxb. Extracts in Experimental Animals.†Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology 28(5): 999–1008.

Santos, F. A., V. S. N. Rao & Others. 2000. “Antiinflammatory and Antinociceptive Effects of 1, 8-Cineole a Terpenoid Oxide Present in Many Plant Essential Oils.†Phytotherapy Research 14(4): 240–44.

Singh, Sailendra et al. 2010. “A Bioactive Labdane Diterpenoid from Curcuma Amada and Its Semisynthetic Analogues as Antitubercular Agents.†European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 45(9): 4379–82. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmech.2010.06.006




How to Cite

Abd Aziz, N. A., Hassan, J., Osman, N. H., & Abbas, Z. (2017). Extraction of Essential Oils from Zingiberaceace Famili by using Solvent-free Microwave Extraction (SFME), Microwave-assisted Extraction (MAE) and Hydrodistillation (HD). Asian Journal of Applied Sciences, 5(1). Retrieved from https://ajouronline.com/index.php/AJAS/article/view/4318

Most read articles by the same author(s)