Effect of Xanthohumol Added to Diet on Blood Biochemistry in Japanese Quails


  • Zuzana Lacková Department of Nutrition and Animal Husbandry, University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy, Košice, Slovakia
  • František Zigo Department of Nutrition and Animal Husbandry, University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy, Košice, Slovakia
  • Zuzana Farkašová Department of Nutrition and Animal Husbandry, University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy, Košice, Slovakia




xanthohumol, supplementation, Japanese quail, blood biochemistry


In this paper, we monitored to effect of xanthohumol added to diet on blood biochemistry in Japanese quails. Forty Japanese quails breeds lines Pharaoh were included in the experiment. The quails were randomly divided into two groups: one control and one experimental group with supplementation by xanthohumol in feed. In the evaluation of biochemical parameters, we focused on total protein, albumin, globulin, glucose, cholesterol and enzyme activity of AST (Aspartate aminotransferase), ALT (Alanine aminotransferase) and ɤ-GT (ɤ-Glutamyltransferase). Statistical comparisons were made between group with supplementation by xanthohumol in feed and the control group. Total protein and albumin levels were significantly differed between groups (P <0.05). A significant decrease in AST activity (P <0.05) was observed in supplementation group relative to control group.



Zanoli, P., Zavatti, M. “Pharmacognostic and pharmacological profile of Humulus lupulus L” Journal of Etnopharmacology. vol. 116, no. 3, pp. 383–396, 2008.

Chen Q. H., Fu M. L., Chen M. M., Liu J., Liu X. J., He G. Q., et al. “Preparative isolation and purification of xanthohumol from hops (Humulus lupulus L.) by high-speed counter-current chromatography”, Food Chemistry. vol. 132, no. 1, pp. 619-623, 2012.

Zamzow, D. R., Elias, V., Legette, L. L., Choi, J., Stevens, J. F., and Magnusson, K. R. “Xanthohumol improved cognitive flexibility in young mice”, Behavioural Brain Research. vol. 275, pp. 1-10, 2014.

Miranda, C. L., Elias, V. D., Hay, J. J., Choi, J., Reed, R. L., and Stevens, J. F. “Xanthohumol improves dysfunctional glucose and lipid metabolism in diet-induced obese C57BL/6J mice.” Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. vol. 599, pp. 22-30, 2016.

Stevens, J. F., & Page, J. E. “Xanthohumol and related prenylflavonoids from hops and beer: to your good health!” Phytochemistry. vol. 65, no.10, pp. 1317-1330, 2004.

Liu, M., Hansen, P. E., Wang, G., Qiu, L., Dong, J., Yin, H., et al. “Pharmacological profile of xanthohumol, a prenylated flavonoid from hops (Humulus lupulus)”, Molecules. vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 754–779, 2015.

Ichilcik, R. and Austin, J. C. „The Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) as a laboratory animal“, Journal of the South African Veterinary Association. vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 203–207, 1978.

Sokół, R., Gesek, M., Raś-Noryńska, M., Michalczyk, M., Koziatek, S. “Biochemical parameters in Japanese quails Coturnix coturnix japonica infected with coccidia and treated with Toltrazuril”, Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences. vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 79–82, 2015.

Faqi, A. S., R. Solecki, R. Pfeil, and V. Hilbig. „Standard values for reproductive and clinical chemistry parameters of Japanese quail“, Deutsche Tierärztliche Wochenschrift. vol. 104, no. 5, pp. 167–169, 1997.

Ross, J. G., G. Christie, W. G. Halliday, and R. M. Jones. „Determination of haematology and blood chemistry values in healthy six-week old broiler hybrids“, Avian Pathology. vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 273–281, 1976.

Ross, J. G., G. Christie, W. G. Halliday, and R. M. Jones. “Haematological and blood chemistry “comparison values” for clinical pathology in poultry”, Veterinary Record. vol. 102, no. 2, pp. 29–31, 1978.

Farhat, A., and Chavez, E. R. “Comparative performance, blood chemistry, and carcass composition of two lines of Pekin ducks reared mixed or separated by sex”, Poultry Science. vol. 79, no. 4, pp. 460–465, 2000.

Huff, G. R., Huff, W. E., Rath, N. C., Anthony, N. B., and Nestor, K. E. “Effects of Escherichia coli challenge and transport stress on hematology and serum chemistry values of three genetic lines of turkeys”, Poultry Science. vol. 87, no. 11, pp. 2234–2241, 2008.

Verstappen, F. A., J. T. Lumeij, and R. G. Bronneberg. “Plasma chemistry reference values in ostriches”, Journal of Wildlife Disease. vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 154–159, 2002.

Karesh, W.B., Campo, A.D., Braselton, E., Puche, H. and Cook, R.A. „Health evaluation of free ranging and hand reared macaws (Ara spp.) in Peru“, Journal of Zoo and Wild Life Medicine. vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 368-77, 1997.

Ayub Ali, M., Hmar, L., Inaotombi Devi, L., Prava, M., Lallianchhunga, M.C., Tolenkhomba, T.C. „Effect of age on the haematological and biochemical profile of Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica), International Multidisciplinary Research Journal. vol. 2, no. 8, pp. 32-35, 2012.

Marcinčák, M., Klempová, T., Bartkovský, M., Marcinčáková, D., Zdolec, N., Popelka, P., Mačanga, J., Čertík, M. “Effect of Fungal Solid-State Fermented Product in Broiler Chicken Nutrition on Quality and Safety of Produced Breast Meat”, In BioMed Research International. vol. 2018, Article ID 2609548, pp. 8, 2018.

Duncan, J.R., Prasse, K.W., Mahaffey, E.A. „Veterinary laboratory medicine: clinical pathology“, USA, Iowa State University Press; Ames, Iowa, 1994.

Tietz N.W. „Clinical guide to laboratory tests“, (3rd edn) WB Saunders Company: Philadelphia, 1995.

Onyinyechukwu, A.A., Wilfred, S.E. and Ezinwa, M.I. “The Hematology and Serum Biochemistry Profile of Adult Japanese Quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica)”, Notule Scienta Biologicae. Vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 67-72, 2017.

Scholtz, N., Halle, I., Flachowsky, G., Sauerwein, H. “Serum chemistry reference values in adult Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) including sex-related differences”, Poultry Science. vol. 88, no. 6, pp. 1186-1190, 2009.

Prakash, R.K. „Serum Biochemical Profile of Japanese Quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica)“, Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences. vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 182-183, 2013.

Walzem, R. L., R. J. Hansen, D. L. Williams, and R. L. Hamilton. „Estrogen induction of VLDLy assembly in egg-laying hens“, Journal of. Nutrition, vol. 129, pp. 467–472, 1999.

König, B., H. Kluge, K. Haase, C. Brandsch, G. I. Stangl, and K. Eder. „Effects of clofibrate treatment in laying hens“, Poult. Sci., vol. 86, pp. 1187–1195, 2007.

Lumeij, J.T. “Avian clinical enzymology. Pages 14–24 in Seminars in Avian and Exotic Pet Medicine”, vol. 3. A. M. Fudge, ed. W. B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, PA, 1994.

Hunt, J. R., and Hunsaker, W. G. “Physiology of the growing and adult goose. 3. Some nitrogen constituents of blood”, British Poultry Science. vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 15–21, 1965.

Hassan, H.A. 2010. “Variation in egg performance and plasma constituents at different ages of females Japanese quail”, Egypt. Poultry Science Journal. vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 565-581.

Brugère-Picoux, J., H. Brugère, I. Basset, N. Sayad, J. Vaast, and J. M. Michaux. “Biochemie clinique en pathologie aviaire. Introit et limites des dosages enzymatiques chez la poule”, Revue de Medecine Veterinaire. vol. 163, pp. 1091–1099, 1987.

Harr, K. E. “Clinical chemistry of companion avian species: A review”, Veterinary Clinical Pathology. vol. 31, pp 140–151, 2002.

Lewandowski, A. H., T. W. Campbell and G. J. Harrison. “Clinical chemistries”. Pages 192–200 in Clinical Avian Medicine and Surgery. G. J. Harrison and L. R. Harrison, ed. W. B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, PA, 1986.

Alonso-Alvarez, C., C. Perez, and A. Velando. “Effects of acute exposure to heavy fuel oil from the Prestige spill on a seabird”, Aquatic Toxicology. vol. 84, pp. 103–110, 2007.

Lierz, M., and H. M. Hafez. “Sex-related differences in plasma chemistry reference values in stone curlews (Burhinus oedicnemus)”, Veterinary Record. vol. 157, pp.91–92, 2005.




How to Cite

Lacková, Z. ., Zigo, F., & Farkašová, Z. . (2021). Effect of Xanthohumol Added to Diet on Blood Biochemistry in Japanese Quails. Asian Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences, 9(6). https://doi.org/10.24203/ajafs.v9i6.6815

Most read articles by the same author(s)