Study of Anti-nutritional Compounds, Antioxidant Activity and Fatty Acid Composition of <i>Moringa</i> (<i>Moringa oleifera</i> Lam.) Foliage


  • Nasrin Sultana Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute, Savar, Dhaka -1341
  • Abd Razak Alimon University Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Khan Shahidul Huque Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute Savar, Dhaka-1341
  • Awis Qurni Sazili University Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Halimatun Yaakub University Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia
  • S. Mohammad Jahangir Hossain Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute Savar, Dhaka-1341
  • Nani Gopal Das Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute, Savar, Dhaka


Moringa oliefera, anti-nutritional factors, antioxidant activity, fatty acid composition


The study was conducted to investigate the effects of cutting intervals on the anti-nutritional factors, antioxidant activity and fatty acid composition of Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.) foliage. An established Moringa plot dividing into 12 equal plots was subjected to 3 different maturity stages of harvesting at 4, 6 and 8 weeks in a completely randomized block design experiment. It was found that the level of total phenol and tannin (mg tannic acid equivalent/g dry weight) at 4 (51.86 and 34.90), 6 (43.89, and 27.96) and 8 (29.00 and 16.66) weeks of maturity decreased significantly. Similarly, with the increase of maturity the level of condensed tannin significantly decreased (0.23, 0.17 and 0.14 mg catechin equivalent/g dry weight, respectively). In the case of antioxidant activity, significantly higher DPPH inhibition activity was found after 4 weeks (60.1 %) compared to 6 and 8 weeks of maturity (56.0 and 53.4 %, respectively). However, the fatty acid composition of Moringa foliage was significantly affected with harvesting stage of maturity. It contained the highest level of α-linolenic acid followed by palmitic acid, linoleic acid, stearic acid and oleic acid, respectively (48.71, 21.65, 13.07, 5.89 and 4.63 % of the total identified fatty acids, respectively). The average level of poly unsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) (61.78 %) was about three times higher than the level of saturated fatty acids (31.24 %). In conclusion, harvesting of Moringa foliage at 8 weeks interval would have less anti-nutritional factors with more PUFA and antioxidant activities.


Author Biographies

Nasrin Sultana, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute, Savar, Dhaka -1341

Principal Scientific Officer, Training Planning and Technology Transfer Division

Abd Razak Alimon, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia

Professor, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture

Khan Shahidul Huque, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute Savar, Dhaka-1341

Chief Scientific Officer, Animal Production Research Division

Awis Qurni Sazili, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia

Professor, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture

Halimatun Yaakub, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia

Professor, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture

S. Mohammad Jahangir Hossain, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute Savar, Dhaka-1341

Principal Scientific Officer, Biotechnology Division

Nani Gopal Das, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute, Savar, Dhaka

Scientific Officer, Animal Production Research Division


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How to Cite

Sultana, N., Alimon, A. R., Huque, K. S., Sazili, A. Q., Yaakub, H., Hossain, S. M. J., & Das, N. G. (2017). Study of Anti-nutritional Compounds, Antioxidant Activity and Fatty Acid Composition of <i>Moringa</i> (<i>Moringa oleifera</i> Lam.) Foliage. Asian Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences, 5(3). Retrieved from