Econometrics Analysis on the Choice Preference of Farmers on Water Harvesting Technologies: A Case Study in East Gojjam Zone, Ethiopia
Keywords:Water harvesting technologies, choice preference, multinomial logit model, East Gojjam zone (Ethiopia)
This study is conducted to look into the socio-economic, physical and other related factors, which can affect preferences among water storage technology groups in east Gojjam zone; Ethiopia.. To address these objectives, both quantitative and qualitative data were collected. The primary date were collected from 200 sample households who are selected three districts of East Gojjam zone of Amhara National Regional State, Ethiopia proportionately and randomly . Multinomial logit-model was used to analyze the determinants of choice of water harvesting technologies. In addition descriptive statistics were also used as deemed necessary. A total of 10 explanatory variables were included in the analysis of multinomial logit model. The result of the analysis indicated that among the 10 hypothesized explanatory variables included in the model level of education has a positive and significant effect on the choice of underground group of structures while access to credit, plot distance from home, level of plot fertility and soil type has also negatively and significantly affects the choice of underground group of structures. In the case of the aboveground group of structures, access to credit and soil type of the plot significantly and positively affect the choice decision. Whereas; the choice of Â the surface group of structures, positively and significantly affected by Â area of the plot (AREIM) , distance of the plot from home (DISTPLOT) and slope level of the plot (SLOP). The implication is that farmers are interested to use surface water harvesting structures on sloppy, distant and large plots. Thus, the importance recommendations which are found to be of paramount importance from the finding of this study include; any effort in promotion of water harvesting activity should recognize the socio-economic, household and technological characteristics; Promotion of water harvesting should be done in conjunction with crops, which can be sold for cash. This can be also supported by improving marketing channels for produced crops. Physical characteristics of the plot are important factors for the preference decision behavior of farm households among alternative water harvesting technology groups. Therefore, considering physical characteristics of the particular area in promoting water harvesting structure groups is paramount important.
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