Evaluation of Saponification value, Iodine value and Insoluble impurities in Coconut Oils from Jomoro District of the Western Region of Ghana
Keywords:Coconut oil, Insoluble impurities, Iodine value, Saponification value,
The study evaluated saponification value(SV), iodine value (IV) and insoluble impurities of coconut oils produced in the Jomoro District of the Western Region of Ghana. Three samples of coconut oil were collected from each of the four (4) major processing centres (EZN, KAB, NAW and NUB) in Ghana for quality determination. Three replicate titre values of each of the twelve (12) oil samples were obtained and the averages were taken into consideration. The AOCS and Cocks et al methods were used in the analyses and the results compared with two International Standards, namely Asian and Pacific Coconut Community (APCC) and Codex Alimentarius (2005). The result showed that the mean SVs of oil from all the processing centres constituting 100% did not meet the APCC standard; however, 25% (NUB) were within the stipulated limits recommended by Codex. The mean iodine value (IV) of the oils from three centres (EZN, KAB and NAW) constituting 75% fell within the APCC while 25% (NUB) did not. For the Codex, 25% (NAW) met the standard while 75% (EZN, KAB and NUB) did not. Also, the amount of insoluble impurities found in oil from all the processing centres did not meet both the APCC and the Codex standards.Â Â The ANOVA at LSD (0.05) showedÂ Â significant differences among the processing centres. The results imply that in general, the quality of coconut oil in terms of the parameters considered fell short of both the Codex and APCC standards. Therefore, further improved processes are required to enhance the quality of oil produced to meet the required international standards.
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