Determinants of Child Labour and Schooling in Rural Farming Households in Ogun State, Nigeria
Keywords:Child labour, Schooling, Poverty, Rural, Nigeria
The paper examines the determinants of child labour participation and schooling choice of children aged 5-14 years. Using data from two hundred and twelve rural households randomly selected through multistage random sampling technique from ten rural communities in Ogun State, Nigeria. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results show that about 50% of the child's mother had no formal education which invariably had detrimental effects on child schooling participation. Majority (52.8%) of the sample households are low income earners which may push children to work to supplement household income. The study shows that child labour participation is gender sensitive and that child labour and schooling increases with age.Â Male children of different age categories were more in schooling only than their female counterparts. Even though children work to supplement family needs, they are likely to be at receiving end because of early entry into labour force which may affect their health. Using bivariate probit modelling technique to test the interdependence of child labour and schooling choices, it was observed that there is trade off between child labour and schooling. The results reveal that parent, child, household and community characteristics determined child labour and schooling choices of children. Findings from this study affirmed the relationship between child labour and poverty. Policies aimed at improving household welfare, free education for children and adult literacy programmes are effective way to reduce child labour in rural Nigeria.
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