Remittances and Their Effects on Kinship Ties in Urban Philippines

Bryan W. Rich

Abstract


In 2015, Overseas Filipino Workers (OFW) remitted more than USD 28 billion (PSA 2016), impacting millions of families. As important as remittances are to making ends meet, recipients also place semiotic value on the money received from family members abroad. This article attempts to shed light on how remittances affect kinship ties in urban Philippine communities from the point of view of the recipient. This ethnography revealed four observations: they can be interpreted as acts of remembrance; they are mutually beneficial to maintaining kin ties; they are a catalyst for creating agency; and, they strengthen communication between recipient and migrant.   

 


Keywords


economic anthropology; kinship; OFW; remittances; agency

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ang, Alvin P., Guntar Sugiyarto and Shikha Jha (2009), ‘Remittances and Household Behavior in the Philippines’, ADB Economics Working Paper Series No.188

Banko Sentral ng Pilipinas. Central Bank of the Philippines. http://www.bsp.gov.ph /downloads/ EcoNews/ EN09-08.pdf

Capistrano, Loradel O. and Maria Lourdes C. Sta. Maria (2007), ‘The Impact of International Labor Migration and OFW Remittances on Poverty in the Philippines’, University of the Philippines School of Economics Discussion Papers

Carling, J. (2008), ‘The Determinant of Migrant Remittances’, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 24(3), 582-599.

Carsten, Janet (2003), After Kinship (New Departures in Anthropology) Cambridge University Press

Inquirer (2013), Immigrants Outnumber OFWs. http://globalnation.inquirer.net/69339/ immigrants-outnumber- ofws

Kockelman, Paul (2007), ‘Agency: The Relation between Meaning, Power and Knowledge’, Current Anthropology

(3) 375-401.

Levi-Strauss, Claude (1969). The Elementary Structures of Kinship. Beacon Press.

Lucas, Robert E.B. and Oded Stark (1985) ‘Motivations to Remit: Evidence from Botswana’, Journal of Political Economy, 93 (5) 901-18.

Pernia, Ernesto M. (2008), ‘Migration remittances, poverty and inequality: The Philippines’ Discussion Paper, School of Economics, University of the Philippines, No. 2008, 01.

Philippines Overseas Employment Agency (POEA) 1996, Memorandum Circular No. 55 Series of 1996: Revised Standard Terms and Conditions Governing the Employment of Filipino Seafarers OnBoardOcean-GoingVessels http://www.poea.gov.ph/ memorandumcirculars /sbrel/sbrel.html

PSA (2016) Philippine Statistics Authority. Statistical Tables on Overseas Filipino Workers (OFW):215. https://psa.gov.ph/content/statistical-tables-overseas-filipino-workers-ofw-2015

Roberts, Bruce (2013). Kinship and Family Anthropology 380 Traditional Cultures. http://web.mnstate.edu/robertsb/380/Kinship%20&%20family.pdf

Sahlins, Marshall (2013), What Kinship is – and is not. University of Chicago Press.

Tharmalingam, Sarvendra (2011), ‘Remittance Practices and Transnational Social Spaces of Tamils and Somalis in Norway’, Nordic Journal of Migration Research 1(3) 166-75.

Van Dalen, Hendrick P., Groenwold, George and Fokkema, Tineke (2005): ‘Remittances and their Effect on Emigration Intentions in Egypt, Morocco and Turkey’, Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper, No. 05-030/1.

West, S.A., A.S. Griffin and A. Gardner (2007). ‘Social Semantics: altruism, cooperation, mutualism, strong reciprocity and group selection’, Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 20(2) 415-32.

World Bank (2016), ‘Remittances to Developing Countries Edge Up Slightly in 2015’, April 13

http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2016/04/13/remittances-to-developing-countries-edge-up-slightly-in-2015


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Asian Journal of Humanities and Social Studies

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.