Health Impact Assessment of Air Pollution in Some Selected States in Nigeria

L. Bashiru, H. N. Ebede

Abstract


This work contains the health impact assessment of air pollution in some selected states in Nigeria; it gives estimates of mortality morbidity and established the major sources of air pollution in Nigeria. Data were collected from General Hospital in some part of the country. The period covered is three years (2012-2014) for each hospital. Analysis of the data collected shows that Lagos and Abuja recorded the highest number of patient that died and survived the attack by air born diseases within the period of 2012-2014 investigation i.e up to 1,338 cases followed by Abuja with 1,218 cases while Port-Harcourt has a least number of 78 patient out of 3,744 cases recorded. The analysis has shown that the number of people that die for pneumonia is higher in Kano which is about 30% of the result. But the numbers that survive the Asthma in the period of study is higher in Port-Harcourt which is 9%. The study reviewed that people mostly affected by these diseases are those located in Lagos, Abuja e.t.c and this is as a result of numerous gases emitted from populated vehicles and poor movement of waste.


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