Health Impact Assessment of Air Pollution in Some Selected States in Nigeria

L. Bashiru, H. N. Ebede


This work contains the health impact assessment of air pollution in some selected states in Nigeria; it gives estimates of mortality morbidity and established the major sources of air pollution in Nigeria. Data were collected from General Hospital in some part of the country. The period covered is three years (2012-2014) for each hospital. Analysis of the data collected shows that Lagos and Abuja recorded the highest number of patient that died and survived the attack by air born diseases within the period of 2012-2014 investigation i.e up to 1,338 cases followed by Abuja with 1,218 cases while Port-Harcourt has a least number of 78 patient out of 3,744 cases recorded. The analysis has shown that the number of people that die for pneumonia is higher in Kano which is about 30% of the result. But the numbers that survive the Asthma in the period of study is higher in Port-Harcourt which is 9%. The study reviewed that people mostly affected by these diseases are those located in Lagos, Abuja e.t.c and this is as a result of numerous gases emitted from populated vehicles and poor movement of waste.

Full Text:



• Bruce, N. (2000). “Air pollution and public health challenge.” wiki/ Air pollution.

• Bruce, N., Perez-Padilla R. and Albalak R. (2000). “Indoor air pollution in developing countries: a major environmental and public health challenge for the new millennium. ” Bulletin of the World Health Organization 78(9): 1078-1092.

• Charles, D. (2011). “Air quality and health.”www.

• Davis, D. (2002). “When smoke ran like water: Tales of EnvirnomentalDeception and the Battle Against Pollution.” Basic Books ISBN 0-465-01521-2.

• Farrah, J., Mateen and Robert D. (2011).“Air pollution as an emerging global risk factor for stroke.” JAMA 201-03-23; 305 (12) : 1240-1. http://www.

• Goldstien, A.H. (2002). “United Kingdom’s emission factor database. ” Retrieved 2010-08-29.

• John H. (2009). “Microsoft Encarta Premium”.

• Kumar, P. (2007). “Death is in air” Down to Earth 6(12) : 29-43.

• McMichael, A. J., Anderson, H.R., Brunekreef B. and Cohen A.J. (1998).“Inappropriate use of daily mortality analysis to estimate longer term mortality effects of air pollutin”. International Journal of Epidemiology 27: 450- 453.

• Romieu, I., Samet, J., Smith K. and Bruce, N. (2002).“Outdoor air pollution and acute respiratory infections among children in developing countries”.J. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 44 (7): 640-649.

• Schwartz, J. (1994). “Air pollution and daily mortality: A review and meta-analysis”. Environ Res 64:36-52.

• Smith, K. (1987). “Biofuels, Air polution and health: A global review”. New York, Plenum.

• Smith K. R., Mehta S. and Feuz M. (2003).“Indoor smoke from household solid fuels.” In: Comparative Quantification of Health Risks; Global and regional burden of diseases due to selected major risks factors. World health organization, Geneva, 2 volumes, in Press 2003.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Asian Journal of Engineering and Technology

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.