The Effect of Gabbroic Rock on Vegetative Growth, and Nutrient Status of Sesame

Mervat Said Hassan, El Toney Mohamed


The paper aims at evaluation of finely crushed gabbro from Sinai, Egypt as a cheap soil conditioner to increase food crops production. Gabbro from different localities was collected and characteristic using XRD and XRF. The results from XRD analysis of samples of gabbro from Wadies Nesreen, Saal, El Akdar and Ferian revealed the abundance of amphibole (hornblende Ca (Mg, Fe, Al) (Al, Si)8O22(OH)2, actinolite {Ca2} {Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5} (Si8O22) (OH)) and calcic-plagioclase (labrador-bytownite) as the main components. Quartz, clinochlor and mica are recognized in addition to olivine and pyroxene.

XRF data revealed the abundance of a number of macro- micronutrients that are essential for plant growth (notably calcium, magnesium, and trace elements: iron, manganese, zinc, and copper) and relatively low amounts of phosphorus and potassium.  The average of the sum of the 4 basic cations (Ca, Mg, K, and Na in cmol/kg of crushed gabbro) provided a sound basis for determining the effective cation exchange capacity (ECEC) of the fraction. The cultivation of sesame in the saline sandy clay loam soil without gabbroic rock was failed. This failure attributed to the sensitivity of sesame to salinity. The height of sesame plants cultivated with ground gabbro excited 5 feet tall which revealed high fertility and high moisture content. This fertility could be attributed to the ground gabbroic rock as soil conditioner.


gabbro, saline soils, sesame

Full Text:



Mervat, S. H. and El Toney, M. El Toney, ‘’ Increasing Productivity of Bean by Healing Salinity of Soils’’ Asian Journal of Agriculture and Food Science Volume 02 – Issue 01, February 2014

Coventry, R.J., Gillman, G.P., Burton, M.E., McSkimming, D., Burkett, D.C. and Horner, N.L.R., ‘’Rejuvenating soils with MinplusTM. A report for the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation, December 2001, RIRDC Publication No 01/173, RIRDC Project No. UJC-4A

Mervat, H., El Toney, M. and Mohamed, K., ‘Evaluation of Silicate-Based Rocks as Soil Conditioners’’ Proceedings of 2013 International Conference on Food and Agricultural Science (ICFAS 2013) Melaka, Malysia October 7-8-2013

Mervat, H. ‘’Increasing Cereal Crops production through Soil Salinity healing by Silicate-based rocks’’ STDF Project NO. 2476, TC/3/ARP/2010/ISFP-1, Annual Report, 2012

Sherman, G. D. Chu, A. C. and Sakamoto, C. M., ‘’The influence of application of soluble silicates on Phosphorus availability in certain Hawaiian soils’’. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Academy of Sciences, pp.16, 1955.

Ikawa, H. ‘’The role of soluble silicate on the fixation and release of phosphorus of tropical soils’’. M.S. Thesis, University of Hawaii, (1956 unpublished). Cited by: Plucknett, D.L. The use of soluble soil silicates in Hawaiian agriculture. University of Queensland, Dept. Agriculture Papers, 1972, 6: 203-221

Parrish, D. H. and Feillafé, S. M. ‘’Annual Report. Mauritius Sugar Industry Research Station Report’’ 81-82. 1958

Leonardos, O. H. Fyfe, W. S. and Kronberg, B. I. ‘’The use of ground rocks in laterite systems: an improvement to the use of conventional soluble fertilisers’’? Chemical Geology. 1987, 60: 361-370.

Zdrilic, T. and Dumitru, I.. ‘’Unlocking the secrets of rock dust’’. Acres Australia. May 2000, 12-15.

Harley, A. D. and Gilkes, R. J.. ‘’Factors influencing the release of plant nutrient elements from silicate rock powders’’: a geochemical overview. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems., 56: 11-36, 2000

Manning, DAC ‘’Mineral sources of potassium for plant nutrition, a review, Agronomy for sustainable development’’ 2010

Gillman, G. P.’’ the effect of crushed basalt on the cation exchange properties of a highly weathered soil’’ Soil Sci.Soc. Am. J., , 44: 465-468, 1980

Harley, A. ‘’Rock dust as a fertilizer in leaching soils’’. Australian Farm Journal. 44–45, 2000.

Gillman, and Sumpter, E. A. ‘’Modification of the compulsive exchange method for measuring the exchange characteristics of soil’’. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 24: 61-66, 1986a

Gillman, G.P. and Sumpter, E.A. ‘’Surface charge characteristics and lime requirements of soils derived from basaltic, granitic, and metamorphic rocks in high-rainfall tropical Queensland’’. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 24, 173-192,. 1986b.

Rhoades, J. D. ‘’Cation exchange capacity’’ In Methods of Soil Analysis, part 2, Page AL, Miller RH and Keeney DR ed. Am. Soc. Agronomy, 2, 154-157, 1982

Sesame Producer Guide Sesaco Sesame coordination 2012

Hamza, M. Abd El-Salam, R.M., ‘’Optimum Planting Date for Three Sesame Cultivars Growing under Sandy Soil Conditions in Egypt. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 15 (5): 868-877,2015

Mulkey,J.R. Drawe, H.J. and Elledge,R.E. ‘’Planting date effects on plant growth and development in sesame. Agron. J., ,79: 701-703, 1987.

Nath, R. Chakraborty, P.K and Chakraborty,. A. ‘’Effect of climatic variation on yield of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) at different dates of sowing’’ J. Agron. Crop Sci., 186: 97-102,. 2001

Alam, M.N. Sarkar, M. Salim, N. Islam, M.M. Rahman, ‘’Effect of sowing date and time characters of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) seed. of harvesting on the yield and yield contributing’’. Intl. J. Sustain. Crop Prod., ,2(6): 31-35, 2007

Olowe, V.I.O. ‘’Optimum planting date for sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) in the transition zone of south west Nigeria’’. Agric. Tropica Subtropica., 740(4): 156-164, 200

Ogbonna, P.E. and Umar-Shaaba, Y.G. ‘’Yield responses of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) to rates of poultry manure application and time of planting in a derived savannah ecology of south eastern Nigeria’’ African J. of Biotech., 10(66): 14881-14887,2011.

Ali, S. and Jan, A. ‘’Sowing dates and nitrogen levels effect on morpo-henological traits of sesame cultivars’’. J. Environ. Earth Sci., 4(22): 155-160,2014.

Diab, M. Zaid, M.S. Noval, M.A. and EL-Morsy, A.A. ‘’Effect of N and S application on yield, Nuptake grain quality of raya (Brassica junceacoss)’’. Hgrochimica, 36-N.6, 1995

EL Aaser, N.F., EL-Bagouri, I.H., Soliman, A.A. and Beheiry G.Gh.S., ‘’Study on the application of natural amendments for reclamation of sandy calcareous soil’’. Egypt. J. Appl. Sci.,,11: 312-328,1996

Singaravel, R., Imayavaramban, V., Thanunathan, K., and Shanmughapriya, V. ’Effect of micronutrients on yield and nutrients uptake of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) in a vertisol soil’’ Sesame and Safflower Newsletter No.17 pp.46-48 ref.5, 2002



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Asian Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.